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To better understand population phenomena in thalamocortical neuronal ensembles, we have constructed a preliminary network model with 3,560 multicompartment neurons (containing soma, branching dendrites, and a portion of axon). Types of neurons included superficial pyramids (with regular spiking [RS] and fast rhythmic bursting [FRB] firing behaviors); RS(More)
Neurons in sensory systems respond to stimuli within their receptive fields, but the magnitude of the response depends on specific stimulus features. In the rodent whisker system, the response magnitude to the deflection of a particular whisker is, in most cells, dependent on the direction of deflection. Here we use in vivo intracellular recordings from(More)
Neuronal networks in vivo are characterized by considerable spontaneous activity, which is highly complex and intrinsically generated by a combination of single-cell electrophysiological properties and recurrent circuits. As seen, for example, during waking compared with being asleep or under anesthesia, neuronal responsiveness differs, concomitant with the(More)
  • Dae-Hyeong Kim, Jonathan Viventi, Jason J Amsden, Jianliang Xiao, Leif Vigeland, Yun-Soung Kim +11 others
  • 2010
Electronics that are capable of intimate, non-invasive integration with the soft, curvilinear surfaces of biological tissues offer important opportunities for diagnosing and treating disease and for improving brain/machine interfaces. This article describes a material strategy for a type of bio-interfaced system that relies on ultrathin electronics(More)
To study integration of converging sensory inputs on single cortical neurons, we performed intracellular recordings in vivo in the barrel cortex of the barbiturate-anesthetized rat. We deflected the principal whisker (PW) for each cell either alone or preceded (at 20, 50, and 100 msec) by the deflection of a small number of remote whiskers (RWs) far from(More)
Oscillatory activity is generated by many neural systems. gamma band (approximately 40 Hz) oscillations in the thalamus and cortex occur spontaneously and in response to sensory stimuli. Fast rhythmic bursting (FRB) cells (also called chattering cells) comprise a unique class of cortical neurons that, during depolarization by current injection,(More)
The electrical correlates of clinical seizures, and of experimental models of seizures, are recognized because neurons behave differently than normal. Individual neurons do unusual things, and neuronal activities become correlated with each other in ways that are not observed under physiologic conditions. Single neurons may fire bursts of action potentials(More)
Arrays of electrodes for recording and stimulating the brain are used throughout clinical medicine and basic neuroscience research, yet are unable to sample large areas of the brain while maintaining high spatial resolution because of the need to individually wire each passive sensor at the electrode-tissue interface. To overcome this constraint, we(More)
In layer 4 (L4) of the rat barrel cortex, a single whisker deflection evokes a stereotyped sequence of excitation followed by inhibition, hypothesized to result in a narrow temporal window for spike output. However, awake rats sweep their whiskers across objects, activating the cortex at frequencies known to induce short-term depression at both excitatory(More)
Although several lines of evidence suggest that stimulus selectivity in somatosensory and visual cortices is critically dependent on unselective inhibition, particularly in the thalamorecipient layer 4, no comprehensive comparison of the responses of excitatory and inhibitory cells has been conducted. Here, we recorded intracellularly from a large(More)