Diederik K Van Sassenbroeck

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BACKGROUND γ-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), notorious as a club- and date-rape drug, was quantified in dried blood spots (DBS) by punching out a disc, followed by 'on-spot' derivatization and analysis by GC-MS. RESULTS A homogenous distribution in DBS was demonstrated and accurate results were obtained when analyzing a disc punched out from a 20-35 µl spot,(More)
Case reports mention a sudden awakening from GHB-associated coma but do not specify its time course. The aim of the present case series was to investigate the time course of the awakening from GHB intoxication and the relationship to plasma concentrations of GHB and the presence of other drugs. Unconscious (GCS <or=8) participants at six large rave parties(More)
Nutritional additives based on green tea have been claiming various beneficial health effects. However, several case reports on hepatotoxicity after the intake of green tea derivatives containing Camellia Sinensis have been published. We report a patient with an acute hepatitis after intake of an oral green tea derivative claiming protection against hair(More)
BACKGROUND Hypovolemia alters the effect of propofol in the rat by influencing the pharmacokinetics and the end organ sensitivity. We now studied the effect of hypovolemia on the anesthetic gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) because in contrast with propofol it increases blood pressure. METHODS Thirty-two rats were randomly assigned to undergo moderate(More)
During 'I love techno' (edition 2001), an indoor rave party attended by 37 000 people, data about medical problems (especially drug-related problems) were collected. To place these data in a wider perspective, a similar registration was done during 'De Nacht', a traditional New Year's Eve dance party held at the same location and attended by 12 000 people.(More)
Tolerance to gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) has been suggested in illicit users and has been described for the hypnotic effect in the rat. The aim of this study was to investigate whether tolerance is also observed for the EEG effect, and whether the EEG can give insight into the pharmacodynamic aspects of GHB tolerance. In three series of experiments, rats(More)
OBJECTIVE Hypovolemia has been shown to decrease the dose requirement for propofol. This increased effect has been explained partially by an increased end organ sensitivity to the anesthetic effect of propofol. We used the opioid blocking agent naloxone to test the hypothesis that endogenous opioids may be involved in this increased sensitivity. SUBJECTS(More)
In view of the potential interest in an objective parameter for the depth of coma in intoxications with the recreational drug gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB), we have studied the relationship between the plasma concentrations and the electroencephalographic (EEG) changes induced by GHB in the rat. Fifteen rats randomly received either 150 (n = 3), 200 (n = 6)(More)
We report three patients with anticholinergic poisoning caused by the substitution of hyoscine hydrobromide for hyoscine butylbromide in preparations compounded by two different pharmacists. The patients took the preparations for gastrointes tinal discomfort and presented with altered mental status tachycardia, facial flushing, dilated pupils, and dry skin(More)
BACKGROUND The ECG analysis algorithm of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) shows reduced sensitivity and specificity in the presence of external artifacts. Therefore, ECG analyses are preceded by voice prompts. We investigated if advanced life support (ALS) providers follow these prompts, and the consequences if they do not. METHODS In a two-tiered(More)