Didier Queloz

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In 2009 we started, within the dedicated HARPS-Upgrade GTO program, an intense radial-velocity monitoring of a few nearby, slowly-rotating and quiet solar-type stars. The goal of this campaign is to gather, with high cadence and continuity, very-precise radial-velocity data in order to detect tiny signatures of very-low-mass stars potentially in the(More)
A decade ago, the detection of the first transiting extrasolar planet provided a direct constraint on its composition and opened the door to spectroscopic investigations of extrasolar planetary atmospheres. Because such characterization studies are feasible only for transiting systems that are both nearby and for which the planet-to-star radius ratio is(More)
We report the first detection of a planetary transit by spectroscopic measurements. We have detected the distortion of the stellar line profiles during a planetary transit. With the ELODIE spectrograph we took a sequence of high precision radial velocities of the star HD209458 at time of a transit of its planet. We detected an anomaly in the residuals of(More)
Among the 160 known exoplanets, mainly detected in large radial-velocity surveys, only 8 have a characterization of their actual mass and radius thanks to the two complementary methods of detection: radial velocities and photometric transit. We started in March 2004 an exoplanet-search programme biased toward high-metallicity stars which are more frequently(More)
Over the past two years, the search for low-mass extrasolar planets has led to the detection of seven so-called 'hot Neptunes' or 'super-Earths' around Sun-like stars. These planets have masses 5-20 times larger than the Earth and are mainly found on close-in orbits with periods of 2-15 days. Here we report a system of three Neptune-mass planets with(More)
We report a spectroscopic orbit with period P = 3.52433 ± 0.00027 days for the planetary companion that transits the solar-type star HD 209458. For the metallicity, mass, and radius of the star we derive [Fe/H]= 0.00 ± 0.02, M∗ = 1.1±0.1M⊙, and R∗ = 1.3±0.1R⊙. This is based on a new analysis of the iron lines in our HIRES template spectrum, and also on the(More)
This Letter reports on the photometric detection of transits of the Neptune-mass planet orbiting the nearby M-dwarf star GJ 436. It is by far the closest, smallest and least massive transiting planet detected so far. Its mass is slightly larger than Neptune’s at M = 22.6 ± 1.9 M⊕. The shape and depth of the transit lightcurves show that it is crossing the(More)
This paper summarizes the information gathered for 16 still unpublished exoplanet candidates discovered with the CORALIE echelle spectrograph mounted on the Euler Swiss telescope at La Silla Observatory. Amongst these new candidates, 10 are typical extrasolar Jupiter-like planets on intermediateor longperiod (100<P ≤ 1350 d) and fairly eccentric (0.2≤ e≤(More)
We measured the radii of 7 low and very low-mass stars using long baseline interferometry with the VLTI interferometer and its VINCI and AMBER near-infrared recombiners. We use these new data, together with literature measurements, to examine the luminosityradius and mass-radius relations for K and M dwarfs. The precision of the new interferometric radii(More)