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The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of and risk factors for clinical lipodystrophy (LD) and metabolic disorders in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1-infected patients. A cross-sectional survey of the Aquitaine Cohort was performed in January 1999. The clinical diagnosis of LD was categorized as fat wasting (FW), peripheral fat(More)
OBJECTIVES It is still debated if pre-existing minority drug-resistant HIV-1 variants (MVs) affect the virological outcomes of first-line NNRTI-containing ART. METHODS This Europe-wide case-control study included ART-naive subjects infected with drug-susceptible HIV-1 as revealed by population sequencing, who achieved virological suppression on first-line(More)
OBJECTIVES Large unselected studies on representative samples of HIV-infected patients with a whole battery of neuropsychological tests and cerebral MRI scan are required to assess the frequency of neurocognitive impairment (NCI), the determinants of mild neurocognitive disorders (MNDs), or HIV-associated dementia (HAD) and the relationship between NCI and(More)
BACKGROUND Bacterial pneumonia is still a substantial cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected patients in the era of combination Antiretroviral Therapy. The benefit of tobacco withdrawal on the risk of bacterial pneumonia has not been quantified in such populations, exposed to other important risk factors such as HIV-related immunodeficiency. Our(More)
BACKGROUND Mathematical models are widely used for studying the dynamic of infectious agents such as hepatitis C virus (HCV). Most often, model parameters are estimated using standard least-square procedures for each individual. Hierarchical models have been proposed in such applications. However, another issue is the left-censoring (undetectable values) of(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe trends in the evolution of causes of death in a cohort of HIV-infected patients before and after the introduction of highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART). METHODS This descriptive study concerned all the patients of the Aquitaine cohort who died between 1995 and 1997. Causes of deaths were grouped into 13 'deaths due to an(More)
In this study, named the Zephir study (Telzir-pharmacokinetics), 121 antiretroviral-experienced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients failing on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) were included in a prospective cohort and received a fosamprenavir-ritonavir (700 mg/100 mg twice a day)-based regimen. The impact of baseline HIV type 1 (HIV-1)(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide up-to-date and covariate-specific estimates on tobacco smoking prevalence in a representative cohort of French human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) 1 infected patients in 2002. DESIGN We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the Aquitaine Cohort of HIV-infected patients. A logistic regression model was used to estimate associations(More)
OBJECTIVES HIV-infected patients are at risk of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases. In a 12-month follow-up study, we aimed to investigate changes in carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), a surrogate marker of atherosclerosis, and its determinants in HIV-1-infected patients. METHODS Our multicentre prospective longitudinal cohort study included(More)
Among protease inhibitors, atazanavir has not been associated with urolithiasis in clinical studies. We describe 11 cases of atazanavir-associated urolithiasis in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Patients with low water intake, high urinary pH, and a prior history of urinary stones may have a higher risk of atazanavir-associated(More)