Didier Leboulleux

Learn More
BACKGROUND The candidate malaria vaccine RTS,S/AS01 reduced episodes of both clinical and severe malaria in children 5 to 17 months of age by approximately 50% in an ongoing phase 3 trial. We studied infants 6 to 12 weeks of age recruited for the same trial. METHODS We administered RTS,S/AS01 or a comparator vaccine to 6537 infants who were 6 to 12 weeks(More)
BACKGROUND The candidate malaria vaccine RTS,S/AS01E has entered phase 3 trials, but data on long-term outcomes are limited. METHODS For 4 years, we followed children who had been randomly assigned, at 5 to 17 months of age, to receive three doses of RTS,S/AS01E vaccine (223 children) or rabies vaccine (224 controls). The end point was clinical malaria(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate frequency of acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) in early childhood in hospital admissions, to describe clinical and diagnostic features, and to analyze mortality, complications and long term sequelae. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING Pediatric wards and Rehabilitation Center of KEM Hospital, Pune. METHOD Study subjects between the(More)
New interventions are needed to reduce morbidity and mortality associated with malaria, as well as to accelerate elimination and eventual eradication. Interventions that can break the cycle of parasite transmission, and prevent its reintroduction, will be of particular importance in achieving the eradication goal. In this regard, vaccines that interrupt(More)
In order to analyse human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in the Senegalese population, HPV DNA was sought in 65 women with evidence of cervical cytological abnormality and in 72 pregnant women. Ninety-four percent of the patients were positive for HPV DNA as compared to 24% of pregnant women. HPV 16 was detected in cervical smears in 42% of cases, HPV 18 in(More)
Markers for acute hepatitis A, B, C and E virus infections were examined in the sera of 72 patients suffering from acute hepatitis in Senegal and Tunisia. Hepatitis B was responsible for 36% and hepatitis C for 21% of the cases. Acute hepatitis A was not diagnosed. HEV infection was not observed in Senegal and represents only 4% of the acute hepatitis cases(More)
BACKGROUND An ongoing phase 3 study of the efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity of candidate malaria vaccine RTS,S/AS01 is being conducted in seven African countries. METHODS From March 2009 through January 2011, we enrolled 15,460 children in two age categories--6 to 12 weeks of age and 5 to 17 months of age--for vaccination with either RTS,S/AS01 or a(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known of the etiology of childhood acute lower respiratory infections in China, where the use of antimicrobials is indiscriminate. Trials to change such a policy require etiologic data, especially on the bacteria most relevant to these common diseases. METHODS One hundred consecutive infants and children from 3 months to 14 years of(More)
Plasmodium falciparum prevalence (PfPR) is a widely used metric for assessing malaria transmission intensity. This study was carried out concurrently with the RTS,S/AS01 candidate malaria vaccine Phase III trial and estimated PfPR over ≤ 4 standardized cross-sectional surveys. This epidemiology study (NCT01190202) was conducted in 8 sites from 6 countries(More)