Didier Laurent

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OBJECTIVE To study activin signaling and its blockade in sporadic inclusion body myositis (sIBM) through translational studies and a randomized controlled trial. METHODS We measured transforming growth factor β signaling by SMAD2/3 phosphorylation in muscle biopsies of 50 patients with neuromuscular disease (17 with sIBM). We tested inhibition of activin(More)
BACKGROUND Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic immune-mediated inflammatory disease characterised by spinal inflammation, progressive spinal rigidity, and peripheral arthritis. Interleukin 17 (IL-17) is thought to be a key inflammatory cytokine in the development of ankylosing spondylitis, the prototypical form of spondyloarthritis. We assessed the efficacy(More)
In this study, dynamic MRI was applied to investigate the effect of genetic hypertension on the renal clearance of Gd(DTPA). Assuming that the paramagnetic agent was essentially cleared through the kidney by glomerular filtration, a first-order kinetic model was used to estimate a rate constant k(cl) describing the transport from the renal cortex to the(More)
We investigated the role of collagen in the magnetization transfer (MT) effect in contrast to other macromolecules. By means of phantoms made of collagen, chondroitin sulfate (CS) and albumin, MR parameters have been optimized in order to reduce the acquisition time and improve the sensitivity, as well as to minimize the contributions from CS and albumin to(More)
Proteoglycan (PG) loss and disruption of the collagen framework in cartilage are early events associated with osteoarthritis (OA). The feasibility of in vivo high-resolution MRI assessments probing both macromolecules was explored in articular cartilage of the rabbit knee. One-millimeter thick coronal images were obtained at 3 T with a 97 x 97 microm(2)(More)
In recent years, in vivo magnetic resonance (MR) methods have become established tools in the drug discovery and development process. In this article, the role of MR imaging (MRI) in the preclinical evaluation of drugs in animal models of diseases is illustrated on the basis of selected examples. The individual sections are devoted to applications of(More)
BACKGROUND Fas (APO-1/CD95) is a transmembrane receptor belonging to the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily. Cross-linking of Fas by Fas ligand (FasL), a tumor necrosis factor-alpha-related cytokine, promotes apoptosis and/or transcription factor activation in a highly cell-type-specific manner. The biological consequences of Fas activation in(More)
Imaging technologies are presently receiving considerable attention in the pharmaceutical area owing to their potential to accelerate the drug discovery and development process. One of the principal imaging modalities is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The multiparametric nature of MRI enables anatomical, functional and even molecular information to be(More)
In patients with fulminating pulmonary edema not responsive to conventional therapy, venoarterial membrane lung bypass can provide assistance if decreased systemic blood pressure prevents use of high-level positive end-expiratory pressure ventilation. In 10 patients with acute respiratory failure, partial venoarterial bypass provided a rapid and marked(More)
Sarcopenia, the age-related skeletal muscle decline, is associated with relevant clinical and socioeconomic negative outcomes in older persons. The study of this phenomenon and the development of preventive/therapeutic strategies represent public health priorities. The present document reports the results of a recent meeting of the International Working(More)