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BACKGROUND Experimental data on nociception in the elderly have so far been contradictory and most of these have been obtained using psychophysical methods with little attention paid simultaneously to the state of cognition and the psychometric performance of the subjects. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was twofold: (1) to evaluate the impact of age on(More)
We describe audible and ultrasonic vocalization elicited in rats by a short electrical pulse applied to the tail. Three types of vocal emissions were recorded: (1) 'peep', characterized by a repartition of energy over a wide range (0-50 kHz) of frequencies without any clear structure; (2) 'chatters', characterized by an audible (frequencies in hearing range(More)
BACKGROUND Schools are key settings for health promotion (HP) but the development of suitable approaches for evaluating HP in schools is still a major topic of discussion. This article presents a research protocol of a program developed to evaluate HP. After reviewing HP evaluation issues, the various possible approaches are analyzed and the importance of a(More)
The relationship between pain and sleep seems to be reciprocal: if pain may interrupt or disturb sleep, poor sleep can also influence pain perception. However the influence of sleep disturbances on pain sensitivity remain poorly investigated. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of REM sleep deprivation on the reaction of rats subjected to(More)
Brief electrical pulses applied to the rat tail elicit a complex vocal response which includes audible (peeps, chatters) and ultrasonic (USV) components. Aspirin and amitriptyline had no effect on the vocal responses. Morphine showed a dose-dependent and naloxone reversible antinociceptive effect on the 1st and 2nd audible peeps by decreasing their(More)
We propose the LOU/c/jall rat as a possible model for research into aging. Physiological and behavioral data have been collected over the past 5 years, using lifelong and cross-sectional studies. The median life span of the rats was 29 months in males and 33-34 months in females. A low level of body fat throughout life was observed in both sexes. Basic(More)
The aim of this study was to develop a new behavioral pain test based on the evaluation of cognitive capacity impairments in rats with colitis and to determine the impact of different acute analgesic treatments. Colitis was induced in rats by an enema containing 2,4,6-trinitrobenzen sulfonic acid. Visual non-selective, non-sustained attentional level was(More)
Several studies have suggested a lower consumption of analgesics in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) than in cognitively intact individuals (ND), but little attention has been paid to a distinction in analgesic consumption between acute and chronic pain treatment. The aim of this prospective and longitudinal study is a comparison in AD and ND(More)
Most pain tests used for the assessment of drug analgesic activity in animal chronic pain models are based on the measurement of the response to an external acute stimulation (thermal, mechanical or electrical). But these stimuli are not related to the chronic pain experienced by the animal. Quantitative analysis of the spontaneous behaviour induced by the(More)
OBJECTIVE Preclinical evaluation is an essential step in the assessment of new antiinflammatory or analgesic drugs. This study was undertaken to develop a new mode of evaluation of drug effectiveness based on behavior indicating well-being in a rat model of chronic inflammatory pain. We chose to examine the circadian pattern of spontaneous behavior. (More)