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BACKGROUND Experimental data on nociception in the elderly have so far been contradictory and most of these have been obtained using psychophysical methods with little attention paid simultaneously to the state of cognition and the psychometric performance of the subjects. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was twofold: (1) to evaluate the impact of age on(More)
The relationship between pain and sleep seems to be reciprocal: if pain may interrupt or disturb sleep, poor sleep can also influence pain perception. However the influence of sleep disturbances on pain sensitivity remain poorly investigated. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of REM sleep deprivation on the reaction of rats subjected to(More)
The aim of this study was to develop a new behavioral pain test based on the evaluation of cognitive capacity impairments in rats with colitis and to determine the impact of different acute analgesic treatments. Colitis was induced in rats by an enema containing 2,4,6-trinitrobenzen sulfonic acid. Visual non-selective, non-sustained attentional level was(More)
We describe audible and ultrasonic vocalization elicited in rats by a short electrical pulse applied to the tail. Three types of vocal emissions were recorded: (1) 'peep', characterized by a repartition of energy over a wide range (0-50 kHz) of frequencies without any clear structure; (2) 'chatters', characterized by an audible (frequencies in hearing range(More)
Brief electrical pulses applied to the rat tail elicit a complex vocal response which includes audible (peeps, chatters) and ultrasonic (USV) components. Aspirin and amitriptyline had no effect on the vocal responses. Morphine showed a dose-dependent and naloxone reversible antinociceptive effect on the 1st and 2nd audible peeps by decreasing their(More)
BACKGROUND Schools are key settings for health promotion (HP) but the development of suitable approaches for evaluating HP in schools is still a major topic of discussion. This article presents a research protocol of a program developed to evaluate HP. After reviewing HP evaluation issues, the various possible approaches are analyzed and the importance of a(More)
The mechanisms of involvement of the opioidergic system in the antinociceptive effect of antidepressants remain to be elucidated. The present study was designed to determine what type of opioid receptors may be involved at the spinal and supraspinal levels in the antihyperalgesic effect of clomipramine, a tricyclic antidepressant commonly prescribed in the(More)
Little is known about how the ageing process affects pain sensitivity and a relevant animal model is therefore required. The effect of age on pain reactivity in animals has been investigated by several experimenters but the results are conflicting. Four groups of male and female Lou/C/Jall rats (4-29 months old) were used for our study. Four pain tests(More)
The formalin test is a valuable tool widely used in animal pain studies. We offer a new automated technique based on continuous recording of movements of animals injected in a hindpaw with formalin (5%). This method, based on image processing, allows the discrimination of specific pain-induced behaviors and general motor activity. The comparison of the pain(More)