Didier Gauthier

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We have investigated the efficiency of heparin, polyvinyl sulfate and yeast RNA (as competitive RNase inhibitors), liver extract (as crude preparation of liver RNase inhibitors) and DEPC (as irreversible non-competitive inhibitor) for the preparation of rat brain polysomes. Sucrose gradient sedimentation profiles, obtained from PMS, were used to determine(More)
We have developed a method for the isolation of a brain subcellular fraction enriched in both highly aggregated polyribosomes and cytoskeletal proteins. This method is based on gentle dispersion of brain tissue and low speed centrifugation. This fraction is enriched in typical cytoskeletal proteins as glial fibrillary protein, neurofilament proteins and(More)
We have developed a method for the isolation of a brain subcellular fraction enriched in both highly aggregated polyribosomes and cytoskeletal proteins. This method is based on gentle homogenization of brain tissue and low speed centrifugation. The mechanism of association of polyribosomes to cytoskeletal structures has been studied by in vitro treatment of(More)
We have investigated the effect of various inorganic and organic toxicants on uptake of amino acids and their incorporation into proteins by Tetrahymena pyriformis. We have studied some heavy metals Cd, Cu, Zn and Cr (dichromate) and organic compounds (2,4 dinitrophenol, sodium pentachlorophenate, 4 chlorophenol and the pesticide DicambaTM). All these(More)
We have attempted to show eventual modifications in the brain protein synthesis apparatus of rat during the first three weeks after birth. Through this time we noted a steady decrease (about 60%) in the free polysomes, when expressed relative to tissue weight. This decrease does not correlate with changes in the polysome profile, indicating that no loss in(More)
We have developed a cell-free translation system derived from hamster brain tissue. The optimal incorporation conditions were 160 mM K+, 2 mM Mg2+ and microM spermine. The absence of this latter compound could be compensated only by doubling (to 4 mM) Mg2+ concentration. This system was inhibited by cycloheximide and emetine (elongation inhibitors) as well(More)
We have used a cell-free system derived from hamster brain to investigate protein synthesis during experimental phenylketonuria. In such a system the elongation inhibitor emetine impeded translation in extracts derived from both treated and control animals. On the other hand the initiation inhibitor aurintricarboxylic acid showed no effects on protein(More)
We have studied the cytoskeletal nature of a brain subcellular fraction previously shown to contain polyribosomes. We have identified the major proteins of this fraction by electrophoretic comparison to a standard cytoskeletal fraction and by immunodetection. These methods have shown the presence of actin, glial fibrillary acidic protein, and neurofilament(More)
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