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We sequenced and assembled the draft genome of Theobroma cacao, an economically important tropical-fruit tree crop that is the source of chocolate. This assembly corresponds to 76% of the estimated genome size and contains almost all previously described genes, with 82% of these genes anchored on the 10 T. cacao chromosomes. Analysis of this sequence(More)
Theobroma cacao is an economically important tree of several tropical countries. Its genetic improvement is essential to provide protection against major diseases and improve chocolate quality. We discovered and mapped new expressed sequence tag-single nucleotide polymorphism (EST-SNP) and simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers and constructed a high-density(More)
Ceratocystis cacaofunesta is an ascomycete responsible for the lethal wilt disease of cacao (Theobroma cacao L.). Marker-assisted selection combined with conventional breeding is one powerful approach to improve cacao resistance to Ceratocystis wilt. In this study we screened a set of ESTs obtained from cacao elicited with C. cacaofunesta to identify(More)
Ceratocystis wilt (CW) in cacao (Theobroma cacao L.), caused by Ceratocystis cacaofunesta, is a drastic disease that results in plant death. The pathogen was recently identified in the major cacao-producing region of Brazil–Bahia. The identification of genetic markers tightly linked to disease resistance loci is a valuable tool for the development of(More)
The genus Theobroma comprises several trees species native to the Amazon. Theobroma cacao L. plays a key economic role mainly in the chocolate industry. Both cultivated and wild forms are described within the genus. Variations in genome size and chromosome number have been used for prediction purposes including the frequency of interspecific hybridization(More)
Sexual compatibility limits the production of cacao plantations, being an important selection criterion in breeding programs. However, the current method for characterizing compatibility, based on the frequency of flower setting after controlled pollination, is time consuming, requiring a long time to identify self-compatible individuals. The identification(More)
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