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Plain-film radiography of the abdomen is often the first-line imaging modality used for the patient in the ED. It is capable of demonstrating abnormal locations of gas, abnormal viscera, calcifications and foreign material, and skeletal and lower lung pathology. PFR findings may aid in the decision to proceed to other modalities. Contrast studies have a(More)
Eight respiratory-deficient mutants ofChlamydomonas reinhardtii have been isolated after mutagenic treatment with acriflavine or ethidium bromide. They are characterized by their inability to grow or their very reduced growth under heterotrophic conditions. One mutation (Class III) is of nuclear origin whereas the seven remaining mutants (Classes I and II)(More)
The modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA) strain is a highly attenuated strain of vaccinia virus that has been demonstrated to be safe for humans. MVA is widely considered as the vaccinia virus strain of choice for clinical investigation because of its high safety profile. It also represents an excellent candidate for use as vector system in recombinant(More)
Nuclease-based gene targeting (NBGT) represents a significant breakthrough in targeted genome editing since it is applicable from single-celled protozoa to human, including several species of economic importance. Along with the fast progress in NBGT and the increasing availability of customized nucleases, more data are available about off-target effects(More)
The modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA) strain, which has been developed as a vaccine against smallpox, is since the nineties widely tested in clinical trials as recombinant vector for vaccination or gene therapy applications. Although MVA is renowned for its safety, several biosafety aspects need to be considered when performing the risk assessment of a(More)
In the European Union, the definition of a GMO is technology-based. This means that a novel organism will be regulated under the GMO regulatory framework only if it has been developed with the use of defined techniques. This approach is now challenged with the emergence of new techniques. In this paper, we describe regulatory and safety issues associated(More)
Staff working in microbiological diagnostic and research laboratories is likely to be exposed t o infection risk with pathogens. Among human infectious diseases, tuberculosis is one of the most severe, killing 2 millions people worldwide every year. M. tuberculosis is essentially an airborne pathogen included in Risk Group 3 according to the international(More)
In Europe and beyond, several advisory bodies have been monitoring the developments in the field of Synthetic Biology. Reports have been sent to national governments for information on the developments and possible regulatory and risk assessment questions raised by this field. To put the issues in a broader perspective, four national biosafety advisory(More)
A gene bank of Sau3A partially restricted Schizosaccharomyces pombe DNA in YEp13 was used to transform an arg4 mutant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. One colony was recovered which contained the YEp13 plasmid bearing a large insert complementing the argininosuccinate lyase (ASL) mutation. As shown by restriction mapping and subcloning experiments, the DNA(More)