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This critical review provides an overall survey of the basic concepts and up-to-date literature results concerning the very promising use of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) for medicinal applications. It includes AuNP synthesis, assembly and conjugation with biological and biocompatible ligands, plasmon-based labeling and imaging, optical and electrochemical(More)
Interest in catalysis by metal nanoparticles (NPs) is increasing dramatically, as reflected by the large number of publications in the last five years. This field, "semi-heterogeneous catalysis", is at the frontier between homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, and progress has been made in the efficiency and selectivity of reactions and recovery and(More)
Anisotropic gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have attracted the interest of scientists for over a century, but research in this field has considerably accelerated since 2000 with the synthesis of numerous 1D, 2D, and 3D shapes as well as hollow AuNP structures. The anisotropy of these nonspherical, hollow, and nanoshell AuNP structures is the source of the(More)
One of the primary recent improvements in molecular chemistry is the now decade-old concept of click chemistry. Typically performed as copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne (CuAAC) Huisgen-type 1,3-cycloadditions, this reaction has many applications in biomedicine and materials science. The application of this chemistry in dendrimer synthesis beyond the zeroth(More)
This critical review focuses on the anti-cancer fight using gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) functionalized with chemotherapeutic drugs in so-called "complexes" (supramolecular assemblies) and "conjugates" (covalent assemblies) as vectors. There is a considerable body of recent literature on various tumor-imaging techniques using the surface plasmon band (SPB)(More)
Difficulties previously encountered in the very useful "click" functionalization of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) resulting in low yields are now overcome by using specific conditions: 1:1 water-THF medium, stoichiometric CuSO(4) and sodium ascorbate, inert atmosphere at 20 degrees C that provide quantitative "click" reactions between azidoalkylthiolate-AuNPs(More)
Carboranes that have a high boron content are key materials for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT), while PEGylated gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are also most useful in various aspects of nanomedicine including photothermotherapy, imaging and drug vectorization. Therefore, methods to assemble these key components have been investigated for the first time.(More)
Pd catalysis of C-C bond formations is briefly reviewed from the angle of nanoparticles (NPs) whether they are homogeneous or heterogeneous precatalysts and whether they are intentionally preformed or generated from a Pd derivative such as Pd(OAc)2. The most studied reaction is the Heck coupling of halogenoarenes with olefins that usually proceeds at high(More)