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Avidin-HRP conjugates were prepared, analysed and tested for avidin-biotin immunocytochemistry. Suitable biotinylation of enzymes, antigens and antibody was obtained by reacting biotin at equimolar ratio to epsilon aminogroups in proteins. The avidin-biotin interaction was used for immunocytochemical detection of phenomena in the field of immunology, i.e.(More)
Fractionation abilities of polyacrylamide-agarose gel (Ultrogel) and dextran gel (Sephadex) column chromatography were compared in isolating horseradish peroxidase conjugates, prepared using two different methods. Utrogel AcA-44 provides an efficient separation of monomer conjugated and nonconjugated immunoglobulins resulting from the two-step(More)
Chemokines and their receptors play a crucial part in the recruitment of leukocytes into inflammatory sites. The CXC chemokines IP-10 and Mig are selective attractants for activated (memory) T cells, the predominant cell type in skin infiltrates in many inflammatory dermatoses. The selectivity for activated T cells can be explained by the fact that both(More)
In this study we compared horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-labeled rabbit antihuman immunoglobulin G (IgG) conjugates, prepared by a one-step and a two-step method. Glutaraldehyde was used as a cross-linking agent. Two methods were used for removing unconjugated HRP: Sephadex G-200 gel chromatography and ammonium sulfate precipitation. The conjugates were(More)
Recently we showed the in vivo relevance of chemokines in cases of bacterial peritonitis in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. Mesothelial cells, the most numerous cells in the peritoneal cavity, are hypothesized to function as a main source of chemokine production. We investigated the time- and dose-dependent expression patterns of(More)
The immune system is called into action by alarm signals generated from injured tissues. We examined the nature of these alarm signals after exposure of skin residential cells to contact allergens (nickel sulfate and potassium dichromate) and a contact irritant [sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)]. Nickel sulfate, potassium dichromate, and SDS were applied(More)
Conjugates of horseradish peroxidase with antibodies (anti-human IgG (H + L)) or their Fab' fragments were prepared according to the newest modification of the periodate (P-) method or the two-step glutaraldehyde (G-) method. The conjugates were analysed by gel chromatography and subsequently tested in three different applications. For tissue(More)
The main function of the lymphoid system is to offer an opportunity for immune reactions against foreign substances or organisms. In vitro studies show that both T and B lymphocytes as well as mononuclear phagocytes are essential for most types of immune responses. In vivo the interaction between antigen, T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes and mononuclear(More)
Four patients with the clinical picture of epidermolysis bullosa acquisita were investigated. Biopsies were taken from the involved and uninvolved areas of the skin and the immunohistochemical and microscopic changes were studied. Direct immunofluorescence showed deposition of IgG and C3/4 in a linear or norched pattern along the epidermal basement membrane(More)