Dick J van der Horst

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A novel member of the low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor family was identified, which is expressed in locust oocytes, fat body, brain, and midgut. This receptor appeared to be a homolog of the mammalian very low density lipoprotein receptor as it contains eight cysteine-rich repeats in its putative ligand-binding domain. When transiently expressed in(More)
Circulatory lipid transport in animals is mediated to a substantial extent by members of the large lipid transfer (LLT) protein (LLTP) superfamily. These proteins, including apolipoprotein B (apoB), bind lipids and constitute the structural basis for the assembly of lipoproteins. The current analyses of sequence data indicate that LLTPs are unique to(More)
Recent advances on the biochemistry of flight-related lipid mobilization, transport, and metabolism are reviewed. The synthesis and release of adipokinetic hormones and their function in activation of fat body triacylglycerol lipase to produce diacylglycerol is discussed. The dynamics of reversible lipoprotein conversions and the structural properties and(More)
Three distinct cDNAs encoding the preproadipokinetic hormones I, II, and III (prepro-AKH I, II, and III), respectively, of Locusta migratoria have been isolated and sequenced. The three L. migratoria AKH precursors have an overall architecture similar to that of other precursors of the AKH/red pigment-concentrating hormone (RPCH) family identified so far.(More)
Flight activity of insects provides an attractive yet relatively simple model system for regulation of processes involved in energy metabolism. This is particularly highlighted during long-distance flight, for which the locust constitutes a well-accepted model insect. Peptide adipokinetic hormones (AKHs) are synthesized and stored by neurosecretory cells of(More)
In cardiac and skeletal muscles, insulin regulates the uptake of long-chain fatty acid (LCFA) via the putative LCFA transporter CD36. Biochemical studies propose an insulin-induced translocation of CD36 from intracellular pools to the plasma membrane (PM), similar to glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) translocation. To characterize insulin-induced CD36(More)
The content and biosynthesis of adipokinetic hormones (Lom-AKH-I, -II. and -III) were studied in larval stages and adults of Locusta migratoria. The amount of all three AKHs increases with age, although the patterns found for AKH-I and -II differ from that for AKH-III. Biosynthetic capacity of the corpus cardiacum for the three AKHs increases with age,(More)
We present a modified diaminobenzidine (DAB) photoconversion method that enables staining of internalized Dil-labeled lipoproteins without the apparent punctate background staining that was observed with the original DAB photoconversion method. This is illustrated by the localization of Dil-labeled insect lipoproteins in natural recipient cells that(More)
The biosynthesis of neutral fat-transporting lipoproteins involves the lipidation of their nonexchangeable apolipoprotein. In contrast to its mammalian homolog apolipoprotein B, however, insect apolipophorin-II/I (apoLp-II/I) is cleaved posttranslationally at a consensus substrate sequence for furin, resulting in the appearance of two apolipoproteins in(More)
The insect low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor (LDLR) homolog, lipophorin receptor (LpR), mediates endocytic uptake of the single insect lipoprotein, high-density lipophorin (HDLp), which is structurally related to LDL. However, in contrast to the fate of LDL, which is endocytosed by LDLR, we previously demonstrated that after endocytosis, HDLp is sorted(More)