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Three distinct cDNAs encoding the preproadipokinetic hormones I, II, and III (prepro-AKH I, II, and III), respectively, of Locusta migratoria have been isolated and sequenced. The three L. migratoria AKH precursors have an overall architecture similar to that of other precursors of the AKH/red pigment-concentrating hormone (RPCH) family identified so far.(More)
The content and biosynthesis of adipokinetic hormones (Lom-AKH-I, -II. and -III) were studied in larval stages and adults of Locusta migratoria. The amount of all three AKHs increases with age, although the patterns found for AKH-I and -II differ from that for AKH-III. Biosynthetic capacity of the corpus cardiacum for the three AKHs increases with age,(More)
Four locustatachykinins (LomTK I-IV) were identified in about equal amounts in extracts of corpora cardiaca of locusts, using reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography and radioimmunoassay with synthetic LomTK I-IV as standards. Brain extracts also contained the four isoforms in roughly equimolar concentrations. Retrograde tracing of the nervi(More)
The distribution and actions of FMRFamide-related peptides (FaRPs) in the corpora cardiaca of the locust Locusta migratoria were studied. Antisera to FMRFamide and SchistoFLRFamide (PDVDHVFLRFamide) label neuronal processes that impinge on glandular cells in the glandular lobe of the corpora cardiaca known to produce adipokinetic hormones. Electron(More)
A mass spectrometric study of the peptidome of the neurohemal part of the corpora cardiaca of Locusta migratoria and Schistocerca gregaria shows that it contains several unknown peptides. We were able to identify the sequence of one of these peptides as pQSDLFLLSPK. This sequence is identical to the part of the Locusta insulin-related peptide (IRP)(More)
Peptides with adipokinetic (and usually carbohydrate-mobilizing) potency have been demonstrated in various insects, including Locusta migratoria, Schistocerca gregaria, Manduca sexta, Danaus plexippus and Periplaneta americana. As far as characterized by now the adipokinetic factors are blocked peptides, consisting of eight to ten amino acid residues. In(More)
A novel member of the low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor family was identified, which is expressed in locust oocytes, fat body, brain, and midgut. This receptor appeared to be a homolog of the mammalian very low density lipoprotein receptor as it contains eight cysteine-rich repeats in its putative ligand-binding domain. When transiently expressed in(More)
Circulatory lipid transport in animals is mediated to a substantial extent by members of the large lipid transfer (LLT) protein (LLTP) superfamily. These proteins, including apolipoprotein B (apoB), bind lipids and constitute the structural basis for the assembly of lipoproteins. The current analyses of sequence data indicate that LLTPs are unique to(More)
The transport of lipids via the circulatory system of animals constitutes a vital function that uses highly specialized lipoprotein complexes. In insects, a single lipoprotein, lipophorin, serves as a reusable shuttle for the transport of lipids between tissues. We have found that the two nonexchangeable apolipoproteins of lipophorin arise from a common(More)
Flight activity of insects comprises one of the most intense biochemical processes known in nature, and therefore provides an attractive model system to study the hormonal regulation of metabolism during physical exercise. In long-distance flying insects, such as the migratory locust, both carbohydrate and lipid reserves are utilized as fuels for sustained(More)