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Three distinct cDNAs encoding the preproadipokinetic hormones I, II, and III (prepro-AKH I, II, and III), respectively, of Locusta migratoria have been isolated and sequenced. The three L. migratoria AKH precursors have an overall architecture similar to that of other precursors of the AKH/red pigment-concentrating hormone (RPCH) family identified so far.(More)
Large lipid transfer proteins (LLTP) are nonexchangeable apolipoproteins and intracellular lipid-exchange proteins involved in the assembly, secretion, and metabolism of lipoproteins. We have identified contiguous conserved sequence motifs in alignments of insect apolipophorin II/I precursor (apoLp-II/I), human apolipoprotein B (apoB), invertebrate and(More)
We present a modified diaminobenzidine (DAB) photoconversion method that enables staining of internalized Dil-labeled lipoproteins without the apparent punctate background staining that was observed with the original DAB photoconversion method. This is illustrated by the localization of Dil-labeled insect lipoproteins in natural recipient cells that(More)
The content and biosynthesis of adipokinetic hormones (Lom-AKH-I, -II. and -III) were studied in larval stages and adults of Locusta migratoria. The amount of all three AKHs increases with age, although the patterns found for AKH-I and -II differ from that for AKH-III. Biosynthetic capacity of the corpus cardiacum for the three AKHs increases with age,(More)
The insect low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor (LDLR) homolog, lipophorin receptor (LpR), mediates endocytic uptake of the single insect lipoprotein, high-density lipophorin (HDLp), which is structurally related to LDL. However, in contrast to the fate of LDL, which is endocytosed by LDLR, we previously demonstrated that after endocytosis, HDLp is sorted(More)
Cardiac uptake of long-chain fatty acids (FA) is mediated predominantly by two membrane-associated proteins, the 43-kDa plasma membrane fatty acid-binding protein (FABPpm) and the 88-kDa fatty acid translocase/CD36 (FAT/CD36). While FABPpm is present constitutively in the sarcolemma, FAT/CD36 is recycled between an intracellular membrane compartment and the(More)
The pars intercerebralis-corpora cardiaca system (PI-CC) of insects is the endocrinological equivalent of the hypothalamus-pituitary system of vertebrates. Peptide profiles of the pars intercerebralis and the corpora cardiaca were characterized using simple sampling protocols in combination with MALDI-TOF and electrospray ionization double quadrupole time(More)
Chromium picolinate (CrPic) has been indicated to activate glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) trafficking to the plasma membrane (PM) to enhance glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. In skeletal and heart muscle cells, insulin directs the intracellular trafficking of the fatty acid translocase/CD36 to induce the uptake of cellular long-chain fatty acid (LCFA).(More)
Flight activity of insects provides an attractive yet relatively simple model system for regulation of processes involved in energy metabolism. This is particularly highlighted during long-distance flight, for which the locust constitutes a well-accepted model insect. Peptide adipokinetic hormones (AKHs) are synthesized and stored by neurosecretory cells of(More)