Peter C Williamson16
Nagalingam Rajakumar13
Richard W J Neufeld12
16Peter C Williamson
13Nagalingam Rajakumar
12Richard W J Neufeld
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BACKGROUND Volumetric studies have reported reductions in the size of the corpus callosum (CC) in autism, but the callosal regions contributing to this deficit have differed among studies. In this study, a computational method was used to detect and map the spatial pattern of CC abnormalities in male patients with autism. METHODS Twenty-four boys with(More)
BACKGROUND Progressive volumetric changes in the brains of people with schizophrenia have been attributed to a number of factors. AIMS To determine whether glutamatergic changes in patients with schizophrenia correlated with grey-matter losses during the first years of illness. METHOD Left anterior cingulate and thalamic glutamatergic metabolite levels(More)
BACKGROUND Although brain imaging studies have reported neurobiological abnormalities in autism, the nature and distribution of the underlying neurochemical irregularities are unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine cerebral gray and white matter cellular neurochemistry in autism with proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI). (More)
Altered high energy and membrane metabolism, measured with phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS), has been inconsistently reported in schizophrenic patients in several anatomical brain regions implicated in the pathophysiology of this illness, with little attention to the effects of brain tissue type on the results. Tissue regression analysis(More)
OBJECTIVE This in vivo (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy study examined levels of glutamate, glutamine, and N-acetylaspartate in patients experiencing their first episode of schizophrenia. METHOD Localized in vivo (1)H spectra were acquired at 4.0 T from the left anterior cingulate and thalamus of 21 never-treated patients with schizophrenia and 21(More)
Brain imaging studies of the hippocampus in autism have yielded inconsistent results. In this study, a computational mapping strategy was used to examine the three-dimensional profile of hippocampal abnormalities in autism. Twenty-one males with autism (age: 9.5+/-3.3 years) and 24 male controls (age: 10.3+/-2.4 years) underwent a volumetric magnetic(More)
  • Janet Hendry, Timothy DeVito, Neil Gelman, Maria Densmore, Nagalingam Rajakumar, William Pavlosky +4 others
  • 2006
While neuroimaging studies have reported neurobiological abnormalities in autism, the underlying tissue abnormalities remain unclear. Quantitative transverse relaxation time (T2) imaging permits the examination of tissue abnormalities in vivo, with increased T2 largely reflecting increased tissue water. Blood flow and the presence of tissue iron may also(More)
OBJECTIVE To use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate functional connectivity, and hence, underlying neural networks, in never-treated, first-episode patients with schizophrenia using a word fluency paradigm known to activate prefrontal, anterior cingulate, and thalamic regions. Abnormal connectivity between the prefrontal cortex(More)
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) exhibit characteristic cognitive and behavioral differences, but no systematic pattern of neuroanatomical differences has been consistently found. Recent neurodevelopmental models posit an abnormal early surge in subcortical white matter growth in at least some autistic children, perhaps normalizing by adulthood,(More)
AAPM Magnetic Resonance Task Group #9 on proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) in the brain was formed to provide a reference document for acquiring and processing proton (1H) MRS acquired from brain tissue. MRS is becoming a common adjunct to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), especially for the differential diagnosis of tumors in the brain. Even(More)