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A point-prevalence study was performed to determine the prevalence of nosocomial infections in University Clinical Center of Kosova. Of 167 surveyed patients, 27 had a total of 29 nosocomial infections, with an overall prevalence rate of 17.4%. Nosocomial bloodstream infections were most prevalent (62%). The prevalence was highest among neonates in(More)
INTRODUCTION Chikungunya fever often presents with severe arthritis/arthralgias, high fever, myalgias, headache, and maculopapular rash (Chow et al., 2011 [1]; Das et al., 2010 [2]; Mizuno et al., 2011 [3]; Powers, 2010 [4]; Sissoko et al., 2010 [5]; Staples et al., 2009 [6]). Persistent arthritis/arthralgias commonly develop after symptomatic infection and(More)
BACKGROUND In the 2003 Toronto SARS outbreak, SARS-CoV was transmitted in hospitals despite adherence to infection control procedures. Considerable controversy resulted regarding which procedures and behaviours were associated with the greatest risk of SARS-CoV transmission. METHODS A retrospective cohort study was conducted to identify risk factors for(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether a multifaceted intervention can reduce the number of prescriptions for antimicrobials for suspected urinary tract infections in residents of nursing homes. DESIGN Cluster randomised controlled trial. SETTING 24 nursing homes in Ontario, Canada, and Idaho, United States. PARTICIPANTS 12 nursing homes allocated to a(More)
A 39-year-old male, originally from Antigua, West Indies, presented with a 12-year history of swelling of the left foot. A pathogen could not be recovered in cultures of three surgical biopsy specimens. During follow-up, pus and grains were expressed from a draining sinus tract and Cylindrocarpon destructans grew in pure culture. Retrospective examination(More)
We evaluated the Prodesse ProFlu-1 real-time reverse transcription-PCR multiplex assay with the SmartCycler instrument for the detection of human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and influenza A and B viruses in comparison to conventional cell culture and antigen immunoassays with the BD Directigen A+B and Binax NOW RSV assays over two successive(More)
Postoperative wound infection, most often with, is of ubiquitous concern in surgical practice, occurring in an average of 1.5 to 5 percent of all procedures. The antimicrobial properties of local anesthetics have been documented over the past 25 years by in vitro studies. This study evaluates the effects of lidocaine preparations on in an in vivo setting.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the total and attributable costs of surgical-wound infections in a Canadian teaching hospital. DESIGN Retrospective incidence series study with chart review and examination of resource utilization attributable to wound infection. The charts of inpatients with wound infections were examined using the Appropriateness Evaluation(More)
BACKGROUND Nosocomial infections and antibiotic-resistant pathogens cause significant morbidity, mortality, and economic costs. The infection surveillance and control resources and activities in Canadian acute care hospitals had not been assessed in 20 years. METHODS In 2000, surveys were mailed to infection control programs in all Canadian hospitals with(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to determine whether anthrax vaccine resulted in adverse health effects in Canadian Forces members 8 months after vaccination. METHODS A quasi-experimental, retrospective chart review was undertaken for two groups within the Canadian Forces, one group that received anthrax vaccination and another that did not.(More)