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We report that amino acids 50 to 77 of azurin (p28) preferentially enter the human breast cancer cell lines MCF-7, ZR-75-1, and T47D through a caveolin-mediated pathway. Although p28 enters p53 wild-type MCF-7 and the isogenic p53 dominant-negative MDD2 breast cancer cell lines, p28 only induces a G(2)-M-phase cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in MCF-7 cells.(More)
A very simple procedure for the simultaneous preparation of genomic DNA and total RNA is described. The procedure is essentially the same for eukaryotes and prokaryotes except for the lysis buffer and can be used for small or large numbers of cells. Mammalian cells are lysed in sodium dodecyl sulfate and bacterial cells are lysed in Triton X-100, both in(More)
Azurin, a copper-containing redox protein released by the pathogenic bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa, is highly cytotoxic to the human breast cancer cell line MCF-7, but is less cytotoxic toward p53-negative (MDA-MB-157) or nonfunctional p53 cell lines like MDD2 and MDA-MB-231. The purpose of this study was to investigate the underlying mechanism of the(More)
Shill bidding has become a serious issue for innocent bidders with the growing popularity of online auctions. In this paper, we study the relationship between final prices of online auctions and shill activities. We conduct experiments on real auction data from eBay to examine the hypotheses that state how the difference between final auction price and(More)
Previous studies on event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging experimental designs are primarily based on linear models, in which a known shape of the hemodynamic response function (HRF) is assumed. However, the HRF shape is usually uncertain at the design stage. To address this issue , we consider a nonlinear model to accommodate a wide spectrum(More)
PURPOSE Aggressive melanoma cells may express endothelial markers that can be used to calculate microvascular density (MVD). High MVD has been associated with adverse outcome in uveal melanoma. If tumor cells label with endothelial cell markers, then MVD may not accurately reflect a tumor's vascularity. This study was designed to study the influence of(More)
The histological detection of laminin-rich vasculogenic mimicry patterns in human primary uveal melanomas is associated with death from metastases. We therefore hypothesized that highly invasive uveal melanoma cells forming vasculogenic mimicry patterns after exposure to a laminin-rich three-dimensional microenvironment would differentially express genes(More)
Amino acids 50–77 (p28) of azurin, a 128 aa cupredoxin isolated from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, is essentially responsible for azurin’s preferential penetration of cancer cells. We now report that p28 also preferentially penetrates human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC), co-localized with caveolin-1 and VEGFR-2, and inhibits VEGF- and bFGF-induced(More)
The use of live bacteria in the treatment of cancer has a long and interesting history. We report the use of a purified bacterial redox protein, azurin, that enters human cancer (melanoma UISO-Mel-2) cells and induces apoptosis. The induction of apoptosis occurs readily in melanoma cells harboring a functional tumor suppressor protein p53, but much less(More)