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The phylogenetic position of Candida dubliniensis has previously been established on the basis of the sequence of rRNA genes. In order to confirm the relationship between C. dubliniensis and other yeast species, particularly Candida albicans, using non-rRNA gene sequences the ACT1 gene was chosen for analysis. Three overlapping fragments that together span(More)
Candida dubliniensis is a recently described species of Candida associated with oral candidiasis in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals. Nineteen oral isolates of C. dubliniensis recovered from 10 HIV-positive and 4 HIV-negative individuals and one vaginal isolate from an additional HIV-negative subject were assessed for fluconazole(More)
Candida dubliniensis is a recently described pathogenic species which shares many phenotypic features with Candida albicans, including the ability to form germ tubes and chlamydospores. These similarities have caused significant problems in the identification of C. dubliniensis by the average clinical mycology laboratory. To facilitate the differentiation(More)
The increased incidence of fungal infections during the last decade has been well-documented [1-4]. Given that one of the most important factors contributing to this phenomenon is the increased numbers of immuno-compromised individuals, it is perhaps not surprising that species previously not associated with human disease and novel species previously(More)
A survey of dental schools in the European Union was carried out for two main reasons. Firstly to promote the exchange of information in respect of curriculum objectives in the different countries and secondly to ascertain the differences in the interpretation of the 1978 EU sectoral directives for dental education and training. Out of 127 schools, only 30(More)
Oral candidosis has become an increasingly important problem in HIV-infected individuals. At present, the small body of published literature on the characterization of the Candida strains and species found in HIV+ patients is full of confusion and contradictions. Some of these difficulties are the result of the methodological shortcomings of a number of the(More)
Candida dubliniensis is a recently described Candida species associated with oral candidosis in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected and AIDS patients, from whom fluconazole-resistant clinical isolates have been previously recovered. Furthermore, derivatives exhibiting a stable fluconazole-resistant phenotype have been readily generated in vitro from(More)
The methods currently available for the identification of the pathogenic yeast Candida dubliniensis all have disadvantages in that they are time-consuming, expensive, and/or, in some cases, unreliable. In a recent study (P. Staib and J. Morschhäuser, Mycoses 42:521-524; 1999) of 14 C. dubliniensis and 11 C. albicans isolates, it was suggested that the(More)