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The therapeutic benefits of dopamine (DA) agonists after traumatic brain injury (TBI) imply a role for DA systems in mediating functional deficits post-TBI. We investigated how experimental TBI affects striatal dopamine systems using fast scan cyclic voltammetry (FSCV), western blot, and d-amphetamine-induced rotational behavior. Adult male Sprague-Dawley(More)
OBJECT Dopamine (DA) pathways have been implicated in cognitive deficits after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Both sex and the dopamine transporter (DAT) 3' variable number of tandem repeat polymorphism have been associated with differences in DAT protein density, and DAT protein affects both presynaptic DA release, through reverse transport, and DA(More)
Evidence suggests that dopamine (DA) agonists improve cognition after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methylphenidate (MPH) is a DA agonist that blocks the dopamine transporter (DAT). Moreover, female sex hormones modulate DAT expression. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate how MPH affects behavioral performance in male and female rats. Under(More)
Functional deficits following traumatic brain injury (TBI) are associated with alterations in markers of dopaminergic neurotransmission. To assess the effects of TBI on the expression and functional integrity of dopamine transporters, we measured transporter protein levels and investigated synaptosomal dopamine uptake in the rat striatum. Two or four weeks(More)
BACKGROUND We examined whether diabetes-related psychosocial factors differ between African American and white patients with type 2 diabetes. We also tested whether racial differences in glycemic control are independent of such factors. METHODS Baseline glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA(1c)) and survey measures from 79 African American and 203 white adult(More)
CONTEXT Evidence suggests that athletes engaging in high-intensity activities after concussion have more difficulties with cognitive recovery. OBJECTIVE To examine the role postinjury activity level plays in postconcussive symptoms and performance on neurocognitive tests in a population of student-athletes. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study with(More)
Excitotoxicity and ischemia can result in oxidative stress after TBI. Female sex hormones are hypothesized to be neuroprotective after TBI by affecting multiple mechanisms of secondary injury, including oxidative damage, excitotoxicity and ischemia. Ca2+ mediated oxidative stress increases with age, and hypothermia is known to attenuate secondary injury.(More)
Female sex hormones are acutely neuroprotective in experimental models of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Because hormonal profiles are known to vary with estrous cycle stage, the purpose of this study was to evaluate how pre-injury estrous stage affects motor and cognitive performance after experimental TBI. We also sought to compare post-injury behavioral(More)
Post-traumatic seizures (PTS) are a significant complication from traumatic brain injury (TBI). Adenosine, a major neuroprotective and neuroinhibitory molecule, is important in experimental epilepsy models. Thus, we investigated the adenosine A1 receptor (A1AR) gene and linked it with clinical data extracted for 206 subjects with severe TBI. Tagging SNPs(More)
Post traumatic seizures (PTS) occur frequently after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Since gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) neurotransmission is central to excitotoxicity and seizure development across multiple models, we investigated how genetic variability for glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) influences risk for PTS. Using both a tagging and functional(More)