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BACKGROUND Manual wheelchair users rely heavily on their upper limbs for independent mobility which likely leads to a high prevalence of shoulder pain and injury. The goal of this study was to examine the relationship between shoulder forces and moments experienced during wheelchair propulsion and shoulder pathology. METHODS Kinetic and kinematic data was(More)
CONTEXT Evidence suggests that athletes engaging in high-intensity activities after concussion have more difficulties with cognitive recovery. OBJECTIVE To examine the role postinjury activity level plays in postconcussive symptoms and performance on neurocognitive tests in a population of student-athletes. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study with(More)
Objectives. This prospective, randomized clinical trial (RCT) was designed to investigate the feasibility and effects of a 4-week auricular point acupressure (APA) for chronic low back pain (CLBP). Methods. Participants were randomized to either true APA (true acupoints with taped seeds on the designated ear points for CLBP) or sham APA (sham acupoints with(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the levels of systemic markers for inflammation with parameters of periodontal diseases in older people. DESIGN A cross-sectional study was conducted in a cohort that is being followed prospectively on the effects of aging and body composition on morbidity. SETTING University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, and University of Tennessee,(More)
Female sex hormones are acutely neuroprotective in experimental models of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Because hormonal profiles are known to vary with estrous cycle stage, the purpose of this study was to evaluate how pre-injury estrous stage affects motor and cognitive performance after experimental TBI. We also sought to compare post-injury behavioral(More)
BACKGROUND Competing theories of adaptation and wear-and-tear describe psychological distress patterns among family caregivers. PURPOSE This study seeks to characterize psychological distress patterns in family caregivers and identify predictors. METHODS One hundred three caregivers of care recipients with primary malignant brain tumors were interviewed(More)
BACKGROUND Over 40% of children with cancer have reported that chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) are the two most distressing side-effects of treatment even when antiemetic drugs have been used. OBJECTIVES The purpose of this article is to report the findings from a feasibility and pilot study using auricular point acupressure point for CINV(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies suggested the potential for aberrant gene promoter methylation in sputum as predictive marker for lung cancer. Here, the promoter methylation of p16, MGMT, RASSF1A and DAPK genes was investigated in sputum of individuals exposed to smoky coal emissions in Xuan Wei, China, where the lung cancer rate more than 6 times the Chinese(More)
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE The purpose of the current study is to assess the role of the APOE genotype in post-traumatic seizure (PTS) development. RESEARCH DESIGN A retrospective study of 322 adult Caucasians with a severe TBI and APOE genotype. METHODS AND PROCEDURES Medical records were searched for PTS. Time to first seizure was categorized as early, late or(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify characteristics of hemodialysis patients most likely to experience difficulty adhering to sodium restrictions associated with their dietary regimen. DESIGN Secondary analysis using baseline data from an ongoing randomized clinical trial examining the effects of a technology-supported behavioral intervention on dietary sodium intake(More)