Dianxiong Cai

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A field micro-plot experiment for winter wheat was conducted in an irrigated winter wheat (Triticum aestivum)-summer maize (Zea mays L.) rotation system in Mazhuang, Xinji of Hebei province in the North China Plain, using the 15N isotope method to determine the effects of N application (rates and timing), and irrigation frequency on urea-15N fate,(More)
A long-term experiment was carried out in the dryland of northern China to assess the effects of applications of maize stover, cattle manure and NP (1:0.44) fertilizer on partial nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) balances, extractable soil N (SEN), P and K, and soil organic matter (SOM) in a spring maize cropping system, under reduced tillage(More)
The field experiment for cotton crop (Gossypium hirsutum L.) was conducted at the Zhongjie Farm, Huanghua city of Hebei province in the coastal salinity-affected areas in North China Plain, to determine the effects of an alternative of irrigation water sources/methods and agronomic practices on seedling emergence and yields of cotton, soil water–salt(More)
The rapidly increasing population and associated quest for food and feed in China has led to increased soil cultivation and nitrogen (N) fertilizer use, and as a consequence to increased wind erosion and unbalanced crop nutrition. In the study presented here, we explored the long-term effects of various combinations of maize stover, cattle manure and(More)
Laboratory incubation experiments were conducted to study the C and N mineralization dynamics of crop residues (fine roots and straw) of the two main crops (winter wheat and peanut) in the Chinese Loess Plateau under different ways of incorporation. The C mineralization patterns of the soil amended with winter wheat residues differed greatly, and the(More)
BACKGROUND An apparently large disparity still exists between developed and developing countries in historical trends of the amounts of nitrogen (N) fertilizers consumed, and the same situation holds true in China. The situation of either N overuse or underuse has become one of the major limiting factors in agricultural production and economic development(More)
Food production is highly dependent on regional yields of crops. Regional differences in grain yields could be due to fertilizer management and climate variability. Here, we analyze trends of grain yields in North China, Northeast China, East China, and Central and Southwest China from 1992 to 2012, using the Chinese statistical yearbooks. We estimate the(More)
A field micro-plot experiment for summer maize was conducted in an irrigated winter wheat (Triticum aestivum)-summer maize (Zea mays L.) rotation system in Mazhuang, Xinji of Hebei province in the North China Plain, using the 15N isotope method to determine the effects of N application (rates and timing) on urea-15N fate, residual N effects and N recovery(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to assess longer-term (1993-2009) effects of combined applications of fertiliser, maize stover, and cattle manure on maize yields, partial nitrogen (N) and carbon (C) balances, and water and N-use efficiencies, to guide N and C input recommendations for rain-fed maize production in northern China. RESULTS The field trial, with(More)