Dianne M. Frazier

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Medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency is the most frequently diagnosed mitochondrial beta-oxidation defect, and it is potentially fatal. Eighty percent of patients are homozygous for a common mutation, 985A-->G, and a further 18% have this mutation in only one disease allele. In addition, a large number of rare disease-causing mutations have(More)
Phenylalanine hydroxylase deficiency, traditionally known as phenylketonuria, results in the accumulation of phenylalanine in the blood of affected individuals and was the first inborn error of metabolism to be identified through population screening. Early identification and treatment prevent the most dramatic clinical sequelae of the disorder, but new(More)
North Carolina (NC) was the first US state to initiate universal tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) newborn screening. This began as a statewide pilot project in 1997 to determine the incidence and feasibility of screening for fatty acid oxidation, organic acid and selected amino acid disorders. The MS/MS analyses were done by a commercial laboratory and all(More)
New developments in the treatment and management of phenylketonuria (PKU) as well as advances in molecular testing have emerged since the National Institutes of Health 2000 PKU Consensus Statement was released. An NIH State-of-the-Science Conference was convened in 2012 to address new findings, particularly the use of the medication sapropterin to treat(More)
The effectiveness of a phenylalanine-restricted diet to improve the outcome of individuals with phenylalanine hydroxylase deficiency (OMIM no. 261600) has been recognized since the first patients were treated 60 years ago. However, the treatment regime is complex, costly, and often difficult to maintain for the long term. Improvements and refinements in the(More)
Two preschool-age siblings with similar histories of encephalopathy were examined for developmental retardation and found to have elevated levels of urinary and blood glycine. Their inability to convert glycine into serine in the absence of elevated blood and urinary ketone levels was suggestive of a defect in the glycine-cleavage enzyme system (or serine(More)
In an effort to increase harmonization of care and enable outcome studies, the Genetic Metabolic Dietitians International (GMDI) and the Southeast Regional Newborn Screening and Genetics Collaborative (SERC) are partnering to develop nutrition management guidelines for inherited metabolic disorders (IMD) using a model combining both evidence- and(More)
Summary: Since the addition of tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) to the North Carolina Newborn Screening Program, 20 infants with two consecutive elevated 3-hydroxyisovalerylcarnitine (C5OH) levels have been evaluated for evidence of inborn errors of metabolism associated with this metabolite. Ten of these 20 infants had significant concentrations of both(More)
Glutaric acidemia type I (GA-I) is an autosomal recessive disorder of the catabolism of lysine, hydroxylysine, and tryptophan caused by deficiency of glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (GCD). Among our patients with GA-I, we noted a prevalence of Lumbee individuals. The Lumbee are a close-knit Native American tribe of eastern North Carolina. Five Lumbee individuals(More)
PURPOSE The teratogenic effects of maternal PKU are preventable, yet affected babies continue to be born. This study's purpose was to identify barriers to successful dietary control among pregnant women with PKU. METHODS An interview-based study was conducted of women with PKU who were known to metabolic disease clinics in three states and pregnant during(More)