Dianne M. Creasy

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Toxicologic disturbance of male reproductive function can occur at many sites and produce a range of effects, some primary and some secondary to the initial insult. The challenge to the toxicological pathologist is to identify the primary site of damage and provide an insight into the pathogenesis of the morphologic lesion or functional deficit. Target(More)
Toxicology of the male reproductive system has received increased interest in recent years partly fuelled by the growing reports of falling sperm counts and rising reproductive disorders in the human population. Recently revised regulatory guidelines for the safety assessment of pharmaceuticals and chemicals on reproduction and fertility have emphasized the(More)
Most recent revisions of regulatory guidelines for testing effects of chemicals on reproduction recommend Bouin's fluid (BF) or a "comparable fixative" instead of formalin to preserve the morphologic detail of testes for histopathological evaluation. However, picric acid in BF is a health and safety hazard, as well as a laboratory waste disposal problem.(More)
In a two-generation study of dibromoacetic acid (DBA), Crl SD rats (30 rats/sex/group/generation) were provided DBA in drinking water at 0 (reverse osmosis-deionized water), 50, 250, and 650 ppm (0, 4.4 to 11.6, 22.4 to 55.6, and 52.4 to 132.0 mg/kg/day, respectively; human intake approximates 0.1 microg/kg/day [0.0001 mg/kg/day]). Observations included(More)
BACKGROUND Detection of chemically induced effects on male fertility and on testicular spermatogenesis in particular, has become of increasing concern. More stringent regulatory guidelines, introduced by ICH, EPA and OECD (Table 1) have raised the awareness of toxicologists and pathologists for the need to conduct sensitive and careful evaluation of the(More)
The INHAND Project (International Harmonization of Nomenclature and Diagnostic Criteria for Lesions in Rats and Mice) is a joint initiative of the Societies of Toxicologic Pathology from Europe (ESTP), Great Britain (BSTP), Japan (JSTP), and North America (STP) to develop an internationally accepted nomenclature for proliferative and nonproliferative(More)
Di-(C(7)-C(9) alkyl) phthalate (D79P) and di-(C(9)-C(11) alkyl) phthalate (D911P), based on high-normality linear oxo-alcohols, have been assessed for their impact upon reproductive performance in Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats were continuously exposed to either D79P or D911P at dietary levels of 0%, 0.1%, 0.5%, or 1.0% over two generations. Selected F(0)(More)
A single dose of cadmium chloride (3.23 μmol Cd2+/kg) causing acute testicular damage in male rats also caused significant creatinuria and creatinaemia at 48 h after dosing. Doses of cadmium which did not cause testicular necrosis did not cause creatinuria or creatinaemia. Surgical ligation of the pampiniform plexus also caused ischaemic necrosis of the(More)
A single dose of 500 mg/kg of 2-methoxyethanol given to male rats caused testicular damage, detected by histopathology, a significant reduction in relative testis weight, and a significant rise in urinary creatine, maximal at 48 h after dosing. Further studies showed that the reduction in relative testis weight and creatine excretion were dose related.(More)