Dianne C. Berry

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A study examined people's interpretation of European Commission (EC) recommended verbal descriptors for risk of medicine side effects, and actions to take if they do occur. Members of the general public were presented with a fictitious (but realistic) scenario about suffering from a stiff neck, visiting the local pharmacy and purchasing an over the counter(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the use of verbal descriptors suggested by the European Union (EU) such as "common" (1-10% frequency) and "rare" (0.01-0.1%) effectively conveys the level of risk of side effects to people taking a medicine. DESIGN Randomised controlled study with unconcealed allocation. PARTICIPANTS 120 adults taking simvastatin or(More)
Negative correlations between task performance in dynamic control tasks and verbalizable knowledge, as assessed by a post-task questionnaire, have been interpreted as dissociations that indicate two antagonistic modes of learning, one being "explicit", the other "implicit". This paper views the control tasks as finite-state automata and offers an(More)
In this paper we describe how we generated written explanations to 'indirect users' of a knowledge-based system in the domain of drug prescription. We call 'indirect users' the intended recipients of explanations, to distinguish them from the prescriber (the 'direct' user) who interacts with the system. The Explanation Generator was designed after several(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES The main aim of the study is to assess the views of people, who have not yet experienced nurse prescribing, to determine their level of confidence in nurse as opposed to doctor prescribing, effects on likely adherence and concerns that they might have. Additionally, the extent to which people would want nurses to provide an explanation(More)
In this paper, we describe how user-adapted explanations about drug prescriptions can be generated from already existing data sources. We start by illustrating the two-step approach employed in the first version of the natural language generator and the limitations of generated texts, that we discovered through analytical and empirical evaluations. We claim(More)
Patients want and need comprehensive and accurate information about their medicines so that they can participate in decisions about their healthcare. In particular, they require information about the likely risks and benefits that are associated with the different treatment options. However, to provide this information in a form that people can readily(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effectiveness of absolute risk, relative risk, and number needed to harm formats for medicine side effects, with and without the provision of baseline risk information. METHODS A two factor, risk increase format (relative, absolute and NNH)xbaseline (present/absent) between participants design was used. A sample of 268 women was(More)
Four experiments investigate the hypothesis that irrelevant sound interferes with serial recall of auditory items in the same fashion as with visually presented items. In Experiment 1 an acoustically changing sequence of 30 irrelevant utterances was more disruptive than 30 repetitions of the same utterance (the changing-state effect; Jones, Madden, & Miles,(More)