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Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. To identify genetic factors that modify the risk of lung cancer in individuals of Chinese ancestry, we performed a genome-wide association scan in 5,408 subjects (2,331 individuals with lung cancer (cases) and 3,077 controls) followed by a two-stage validation among 12,722 subjects (6,313(More)
Numerous studies have shown that aberrant microRNA (miRNA) expression is associated with the development and progression of various types of human cancer and serum miRNAs are potential biomarkers. This study examined whether some commonly deregulated miRNAs in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are presented in serum of patients with HCC and can serve as(More)
Antitumor T lymphocytes play a pivotal role in immunosurveillance of malignancy. The CTL antigen 4 (CTLA-4) is a vital negative regulator of T-cell activation and proliferation. This study examined whether genetic polymorphisms in CTLA-4 are associated with cancer susceptibility. A two-stage investigation using haplotype-tagging single nucleotide(More)
Esophageal squamous-cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most prevalent cancers worldwide and occurs at a relatively high frequency in China. To identify genetic susceptibility loci for ESCC, we conducted a genome-wide association study on 2,031 individuals with ESCC (cases) and 2,044 controls of Chinese descent using 666,141 autosomal SNPs. We evaluated(More)
Aberrant arachidonic acid metabolism by cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and 12-lipoxygenase (LOX) has implicated in carcinogenesis. Genetic polymorphisms in COX-2 and 12-LOX might therefore affect susceptibility to colorectal cancer (CRC). To examine this hypothesis, genotypes of COX-2 -1290A>G, -1195G>A, -765G>C and 12-LOX 261Arg>Gln polymorphisms were determined(More)
Genetic factors play important roles in pathogenesis of human cancer. A recent genome-wide association study (GWAS) linked two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA), rs2294008C>T and rs2976392G>A, to risk of diffuse-type of gastric cancer in Japanese and Korean populations. We hypothesized that these two SNPs are also(More)
The P53 tumor suppressor pathway plays an important role in cancer development. The auto-regulatory feedback mechanism of the P53 and MDM2 expression is critical in keeping proper tumor suppressor function of this pathway. This study examined the effect of P53 Arg72Pro variants on transactivation of polymorphic MDM2 promoter (T309G) and their associations(More)
Single genetic variation may only have a modest effect on risk of gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA) because this malignancy is believed to result from complex interactions among multiple genetic and environmental factors. However, it has been a challenge to characterize multiple interactions using parametric analytic approaches. This study utilized a(More)
We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) and a genome-wide gene-environment interaction analysis of esophageal squamous-cell carcinoma (ESCC) in 2,031 affected individuals (cases) and 2,044 controls with independent validation in 8,092 cases and 8,620 controls. We identified nine new ESCC susceptibility loci, of which seven, at chromosomes 4q23,(More)
Genome-wide association studies of lung cancer reported in populations of European background have identified three regions on chromosomes 5p15.33, 6p21.33, and 15q25 that have achieved genome-wide significance with p-values of 10(-7) or lower. These studies have been performed primarily in cigarette smokers, raising the possibility that the observed(More)