Diane Smelser

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Whole genome amplification (WGA) has emerged as a fundamental method for DNA analysis from limited quantities of genomic DNA in forensic analysis and disease gene discovery. Several strategies for WGA have been developed during the past decade, each with variable fidelity, yield and coverage of the amplified genome. In the search for a reliable and robust(More)
We studied the patterns of within- and between-population variation at 29 trinucleotide loci in a random sample of 200 healthy individuals from four diverse populations: Germans, Nigerians, Chinese, and New Guinea highlanders. The loci were grouped as disease-causing (seven loci with CAG repeats), gene-associated (seven loci with CAG/CCG repeats and eight(More)
A highly polymorphic CAG repeat locus, ERDA1, was recently described on human chromosome 17q21.3, with alleles as large as 50-90 repeats and without any disease association in the general population. We have studied allelic distribution at this locus in five human populations and have characterized the mutational patterns by direct observation of 731(More)
OBJECTIVE To detect quantitative trait loci influencing adiposity-related phenotypes assessed by body mass index (BMI), abdominal circumference (ABDCIR), percent body fat (%BFAT) and fasting serum leptin and adiponectin using a whole genome linkage scan of families from American Samoa. DESIGN Family-based linkage analysis, the probands and family members(More)
We conducted a genome-wide scan in 46 pedigrees, with 671 phenotyped adults, from the independent nation of Samoa to map quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for adiposity-related phenotypes, including body mass index (BMI), abdominal circumference (ABDCIR), percent body fat (%BFAT), and fasting serum leptin and adiponectin. A set of 378 autosomal and 14 X(More)
OBJECTIVES Because of their location in known candidate gene regions for obesity the associations between six microsatellite markers (D2S2170, D2S144, D2S1268, D2S1788, D2S1348 and a tetranucleotide repeat in the 3' UTR of the LEP locus) and body mass index (BMI) were studied in adult Samoans. DESIGN The study was designed to detect differences in the(More)
The nutritional status of 69 Nigerians, age 1 month to 75 yr was assessed with the Krumdieck trichotillometer, which measures the force required to epilate a hair (epilation force, EF). EF of normal subjects (serum albumin greater than or equal to 3.5 g/dl) was 36.5 +/- 9.5 mg (mean +/- SD)). EF was significantly lower (25.7 +/- 10.6 g) in malnourished(More)
Whole genome-wide scanning for susceptibility loci based on linkage disequilibrium (LD) has been proposed as a powerful strategy for mapping common complex diseases, especially in isolated populations. We recruited 389 individuals from 175 families in the US territory of American Samoa, and 96 unrelated individuals from American Samoa and the independent(More)
Obesity is a complex phenotype affected by genetic and environmental influences such as sociocultural factors and individual behaviors. Previously, we performed two separate genome-wide investigations for adiposity-related traits (BMI, percentage body fat (%BF), abdominal circumference (ABDCIR), and serum leptin and serum adiponectin levels) in families(More)
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a common complex phenotype that by the year 2010 is predicted to affect 221 million people globally. In the present study we performed a genome-wide linkage scan using the allele-sharing statistic Sall implemented in Allegro and a novel two-dimensional genome-wide strategy implemented in Merloc that searches for pairwise(More)
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