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Mice were continuously exposed to 109Cd in drinking water (0.03 microCi/ml; 0.11 ppb total cadmium) during pregnancy and lactation. After cessation of exposure, 109Cd retention and distribution were examined during a 4-week postlactational period. At the start of the postlactational period (0 time), the fraction of oral 109Cd retained by the dams was 2.4(More)
AIM The aim of this review was to examine systematically the scope, validity, and reliability of ordinal scales used to classify the eating and drinking ability of people with cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD Six electronic databases were searched to identify measures used to classify eating and drinking ability; in addition, two databases were used to track(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to develop a valid classification system to describe eating and drinking ability in people with cerebral palsy (CP), and to test its reliability. METHOD The Eating and Drinking Ability Classification System (EDACS) was developed in four stages in consultation with individuals with CP, parents, and health professionals: Stage(More)
Purpose: This course will present how and when to use classifications in childhood disabilities. Course Summary: With the availability of a family of classifications focused on function, practitioners and researchers should consider how one or more of the classifications may be useful for their programs, practice and research. Their primary purpose is to(More)
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