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For deconvolution applications in three-dimensional microscopy we derived and implemented a generic, accelerated maximum likelihood image restoration algorithm. A conjugate gradient iteration scheme was used considering either Gaussian or Poisson noise models. Poisson models are better suited to low intensity fluorescent image data; typically, they show(More)
Whenever using modern stereological methods for estimating number-weighted or volume-weighted mean volumes of biological particles such as cell nuclei, either 'isotropic uniform random' (IUR) tissue sections or 'vertical' ones had to be used. However, with the currently available procedures and tools it was virtually impossible to prepare such sections from(More)
Practical applications of structured illumination microscopy (SIM) often suffer from various artefacts that result from imprecise instrumental hardware and certain bleaching properties of the sample. These artefacts can be observed as residual stripe patterns originating from the illumination grating. We investigated some significant causes of these(More)
We present two simple cryogenic rf ion trap systems in which cryogenic temperatures and ultra high vacuum pressures can be reached in as little as 12 h. The ion traps are operated either in a liquid helium bath cryostat or in a low vibration closed cycle cryostat. The fast turn around time and availability of buffer gas cooling made the systems ideal for(More)
For analytic purposes, dogs trained to stand quietly on an oscillating platform can be likened to a fixed-length inverted pendulum with a point mass. Describing function analysis permitted derivation of torque and error values as functions of phase and gain relative to platform movement. A phase criterion was determined for minimization of either control(More)
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