Diane Ruth Lauver

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The effect of an informational intervention that provided objective descriptions, in concrete terms, of the usual experiences during the various phases of radiation therapy was tested in a random clinical trial. The patients had Stage A, B, or C prostatic cancer. Forty-two control patients received the information routinely provided to all patients in the(More)
Although cancer survivors often face stressors and experience psychologic symptoms and distress, research on the particular stressors and coping strategies upon finishing cancer treatments is rare. The study purposes were to identify the stressors experienced and the strategies used by women cancer survivors at this phase of survivorship. The specific aims(More)
Evaluated the ability of self-regulation and emotional-drive theories to explain effects of an informational intervention entailing descriptions of the experience in concrete objective terms on outcomes of coping with radiation therapy (RT) in men (N = 84) with prostate cancer. The experimental group had significantly less disruption in function during and(More)
Patient-centered care is valued in nursing. However, until recently, nurse-researchers have focused on testing the effects of standardized rather than patient-centered interventions (PCIs). The latter are those interventions that are altered to address selected patient characteristics (e.g., beliefs, habits, or goals). PCIs have been well received, and in(More)
The effects of alternatively framed messages and dispositional optimism on follow-up for abnormal Papanicolaou tests were studied. Participants (N = 116) had a mean age of 24; 94% were black, 67% had a high school education, and 82% received public assistance. A message about losses without follow-up or gains with follow-up was randomly given. Optimism was(More)
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES To distinguish women who engaged in recommended breast cancer screening from those who did not. DESIGN Descriptive design, with quantitative measures. SETTING Urban, county hospital serving many low-income clients. SAMPLE 119 women, age 51 to 80, who had not had mammograms in the last 13 months. METHOD Nurse-conducted telephone(More)
Guided by H. Triandis's (1980) theory of behavior and the transtheoretical model, the study purpose was to examine differences in psychosocial variables and external conditions by stage of mammography adoption. Sampled from a statewide population, participants (N=509) were women aged 51-80. They had been contacted by telephone, screened for eligibility(More)
  • D Lauver
  • Image--the journal of nursing scholarship
  • 1992
Although much research has focused upon why people do and do not engage in recommended health behaviors, there is a need to develop more accurate theories to explain and predict engagement in health behaviors. Because health behaviors differ in important ways, it could be most fruitful to understand one type of health behavior, such as secondary prevention(More)
BACKGROUND Critical thinking has been proposed as crucial for processing conflicting information when people make decisions about participation in health behaviors. The critical thinking of individuals about participation in health behaviors may depend on their perceived health status. OBJECTIVES To examine the relations between critical thinking and(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy of Tailored Informational Interventions (TIs) compared to Standard Informational Interventions (SIs) and to determine whether efficacy varies by type of behavior, use of feedback, type of delivery channel, dose of the intervention, or time. METHODS Cooper's method of literature integration (Cooper, 1989; Cooper & Hedges,(More)