Diane P. Calello

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Extracorporeal treatments (ECTRs), such as hemodialysis and hemoperfusion, are used in poisoning despite a lack of controlled human trials demonstrating efficacy. To provide uniform recommendations, the EXTRIP group was formed as an international collaboration among recognized experts from nephrology, clinical toxicology, critical care, or pharmacology and(More)
The case of a 6-year-old boy presenting with severe clinical manifestations of an opioid intoxication and who is discovered to be an international "body packer" is presented and discussed. This article is the first to report on the phenomenon of body packing in young children. It also highlights the use of prescription opioids as cargo, which has not(More)
BACKGROUND The EXtracorporeal TReatments In Poisoning (EXTRIP) workgroup was formed to provide recommendations on the use of extracorporeal treatment (ECTR) in poisoning. To test and validate its methods, the workgroup reviewed data for thallium (Tl). METHODS After an extensive search, the co-chairs reviewed the articles, extracted the data, summarized(More)
BACKGROUND Intravenous lipid emulsions (ILEs) were initially developed to provide parenteral nutrition. In recent years, ILE has emerged as a treatment for poisoning by local anesthetics and various other drugs. The dosing regimen for the clinical toxicology indications differs significantly from those used for parenteral nutrition. The evidence on the(More)
OBJECTIVES The 23-hour observation units (OUs) may be used to avoid unnecessary hospital admissions. However, unexpected hospitalizations from the 23-hour OUs involve transfer of care and may decrease the efficiency and safety of care of the patient and the unit itself. The primary objective of this study was to determine the predictors of unexpected(More)
Antidotal therapy can be lifesaving in the management of poisoned children. Although supportive care is sufficient in many cases, a specific antidote can significantly reduce morbidity and mortality in a number of poisoning scenarios, and so the pediatric emergency medicine practitioner must be familiar with its indications for use, dosage and(More)
We examined the influence of job category, source patient HIV status, and exposure type as predictors of whether health care workers initiated antiretroviral prophylaxis after potential blood-borne pathogen exposures. Of 639 exposures over an 18-month period, 82 individuals (13%) elected to receive prophylaxis, of whom 66% took medications for fewer than 96(More)