Diane Newman

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BACKGROUND/AIMS Single optotype tests of visual acuity are widely used for preschool vision screening in order to optimise cooperation with testing. These tests may, however, underestimate the visual acuity deficit in amblyopia because they lack visual crowding. This study assessed the resultant negative predictive value (NPV) for amblyopia. METHODS(More)
Behavioural interventions are effective treatments for overactive bladder (OAB) and urgency urinary incontinence (UUI). They are in part aimed at improving symptoms with patient education on healthy bladder habits and lifestyle modifications, including the establishment of normal voiding intervals, elimination of bladder irritants from the diet, management(More)
AIMS A review of the current state of research with regard to prevention of incontinence. METHODS The search was limited to English language publications on the topic of incontinence prevention. RESULTS Incontinence is associated with a range of risk factors, most of which are modifiable. Lifestyle changes with behavioral modifications that can prevent(More)
OBJECTIVE Nocturia affects millions of men and women. No prior reviews or meta-analyses have explored the issue of adherence in nocturia patients. The objective of our study was to examine the attributes and their interaction that might impact pharmacological adherence in nocturia care using a conceptual model of adherence. MATERIALS AND METHODS A(More)
BACKGROUND Global demographic trends suggest that the incidence of both urinary and faecal incontinence will rise in the coming years, bringing significant health and economic implications for both patients and payers. There is limited organisational evidence to guide payers and providers about service configuration which will deliver efficient(More)
AIM To determine the relation between urgency alone, or in combination with frequency and nocturia, and adaptive behavior in overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome. METHODS We used survey data from the General Longitudinal Overactive Bladder Evaluation (GLOBE) of primary care patients over 40. Participants (n=2,752: 1,557 females; 1,195 males) completed the(More)
Localization of a foreign body detected on plain orbital radiography may be achieved by comparing radiographs taken with the eyes in upgaze and downgaze. Movement of the foreign body with ocular rotation is considered to indicate localization either within the globe itself or within the soft tissues of the orbit closely related to the globe. A case is(More)