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Following the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy, children vertically infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) living in the developed world are surviving into adult life. This paper reviews the neurodevelopmental outcomes of 62 consecutively-presenting children with HIV-1 infection diagnosed before 3 years of age (32 males, 30(More)
The PENTA Steering committee now recommends antiretroviral therapy (ART) for all children and adolescents living with HIV. Priority should be given to infants and children under 3 years of age, to adolescents, and to children with symptoms and/or low age-specific CD4 counts. The 2015 PENTA guideline recommended considering ART for all children diagnosed(More)
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