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Many studies have documented associations between sexual functioning, depression, experiences of childhood sexual abuse, relationship support, and chronic pelvic pain, but none have addressed the interrelationships among all of these variables in a unified model. The aim of this preliminary study was to construct an integrative model predicting sexual(More)
Women at high risk for breast cancer were compared to low risk women with respect to frequency of breast self-examination (BSE), knowledge and quality of BSE, and attitudinal variables. The women at high risk did not practice BSE more frequently than women at low risk, although they were more knowledgeable about BSE, more focused on breast cancer, and less(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) affects a significant number of patients and may have serious consequences for quality of life. Although POCD is most frequent after cardiac surgery, the prevalence of POCD after noncardiac surgery in older patients is also significant. The risk factors for POCD after noncardiac surgery include advanced(More)
CONTEXT Mandatory parental notification for adolescents to obtain prescribed contraceptives is a controversial issue. Recently, legislation that would prohibit prescribed contraceptives for adolescents without parental involvement was introduced in 10 states and the US Congress. OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of mandatory parental notification for(More)
Sexual abuse, particularly childhood sexual abuse, has been linked to chronic pelvic pain and to sexual dysfunction, though the sexual functioning of survivors of sexual abuse has not been studied in a chronic pain population. Sixty-three women with chronic pelvic pain completed measures of sexual function, sexual abuse, and pain. Using an index of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify behaviors that indicate anxiety during a gynecologic examination. STUDY DESIGN Five hundred twenty-two women visiting a private obstetrician/gynecologist's office completed the A-State scale of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and specific questions about their first pelvic examination and experiences with health practitioners(More)
The present study was concerned with stress-related consequences of unemployment and the behavioral changes related to this experience of control loss. Subjects were sampled along a continuum of time since unemployment, including a control group of employed subjects. Results indicated evidence of stress responding among the unemployed subjects, measured as(More)
Previous research on the effects of unemployment has focused upon both anticipation of job loss and long-term unemployment, typically using self-report and some biochemical measures of response to unemployment stress. The present study was concerned with behavioral and biochemical responses to unemployment. It was also designed to examine a somewhat(More)
BACKGROUND The present study examined potential predictors of parents' willingness to vaccinate their children for human papillomavirus (HPV) and physicians' intentions to encourage parents to vaccinate their children, now that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a highly effective vaccine. METHODS Parents (n=100) and physicians(More)