Diane Louise Rowley

Learn More
Premature separation of the normally implanted placenta is a serious complication of pregnancy and a leading cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Using data from the National Hospital Discharge Survey, we estimated rates of abruptio placentae in the United States for the years 1979-1987 and examined the association of this condition with(More)
OBJECTIVES To: 1) review the historical contexts and current profiles of father involvement in African American families; 2) identify barriers to, and supports of, involvement; 3) evaluate the effectiveness of father involvement programs; and 4) recommend directions for future research, programs, and public policies. METHODS Review of observational and(More)
BACKGROUND Rates of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) are over twice as high among African Americans compared with Caucasians. Little is known, however, about the relationship between prone sleeping, other sleep environment factors, and the risk of SIDS in the United States and how differences in risk factors may account for disparities in mortality. (More)
BACKGROUND In the United States, black infants are twice as likely to die as white infants; this difference reflects both black infants' higher rates of low birth weight and the higher mortality among black infants of normal birth weight. We studied mortality in infants born to college-educated parents in order to investigate this gap while controlling for(More)
OBJECTIVES The incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated anal cancer is increasing. Men who have sex with men (MSM), particularly those coinfected with HIV, are disproportionately affected. Documenting the molecular epidemiology of HPV infection is important in guiding policy makers in formulating universal and/or targeted vaccine guidelines. (More)
Quality care for infant mortality disparity elimination requires services that improve health status at both the individual and the population level. We examine disparity reduction due to effective care and ask the following question: Has clinical care ameliorated factors that make some populations more likely to have higher rates of infant mortality(More)
Despite the best efforts by the public health community, the existence of disparity in African American infant mortality appears to be insurmountable. Eliminating this disparity is the public health challenge of the next decade. The public health community has engaged in copious activity regarding the identification and analysis of the etiology of health(More)
OBJECTIVE To compute ratios of severe pregnancy complications (the number of hospitalizations for pregnancy complications per 100 deliveries) and to examine factors associated with their prevalence. METHODS Using population-based California hospital discharge data to estimate hospitalization ratios of pregnancy complications during 1987-1992, we defined(More)
Although unmarried mothers are at risk of delivering low-birthweight (LBW) infants, the meaning and significance of this variable need to be explored in depth. With data on 216,285 infants born to white and black mothers aged 10 to 49 years in Atlanta, Georgia, between 1980 and 1987, we examined the association of LBW and marital status and the effect of(More)