Diane Leland

Learn More
The LOINC (Logical Observation Identifier Names and Codes) vocabulary is a set of more than 10,000 names and codes developed for use as observation identifiers in standardized messages exchanged between clinical computer systems. The goal of the study was to create universal names and codes for clinical observations that could be used by all clinical(More)
Many laboratories use electronic message standards to transmit results to their clients. If all laboratories used the same "universal" set of test identifiers, electronic transmission of results would be greatly simplified. The Logical Observation Identifier Names and Codes (LOINC) database aims to be such a code system, covering at least 98% of the average(More)
Over the past 10 years the diagnosis of viral pneumonias and other infections of the respiratory tract has been greatly facilitated by the application of new biotechnology. Molecular and immunologic techniques have been developed for the detection of viral nucleic acids and proteins in clinical materials obtained from the lung, either by bronchoalveolar(More)
Histopathologic diagnosis of gastrointestinal (GI) tract cytomegaloviral (CMV) infection relies on hematoxylin and eosin (H&E)-stained tissue, along with the aid of immunohistochemistry (IHC). However, non-classic appearing inclusions or atypical IHC staining patterns remain an ongoing concern for pathologists. We reported the use of real-time polymerase(More)
Viral disease diagnosis has traditionally relied on the isolation of viral pathogens in cell cultures. Although this approach is often slow and requires considerable technical expertise, it has been regarded for decades as the "gold standard" for the laboratory diagnosis of viral disease. With the development of nonculture methods for the rapid detection of(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, epidemiological and clinical data have revealed important changes with regard to clinical adenovirus infection, including alterations in antigenic presentation, geographical distribution, and virulence of the virus. METHODS In an effort to better understand the epidemiology of clinical adenovirus infection in the United States, we(More)
Metabolic costs of excessive nutritional support in stressed patients have been increasingly recognized. The decreased endogenous protein synthesis efficiency (PSE) following major injury has been attributed to the predominant need of amino acid precursors for gluconeogenesis. The present study tested the hypothesis that provision of glucose alone, not to(More)
Serologic tests for antibodies to Blastomyces dermatitidis are not thought to be useful for the diagnosis of blastomycosis, in part due to the low sensitivity of immunodiffusion and complement fixation. Earlier studies have shown that the enzyme immunoassay improves the sensitivity of antibody detection for the diagnosis of blastomycosis. Microplates coated(More)
Four methods, latex agglutination, indirect fluorescent antibody, enzyme immunoassay, and complement fixation, were compared for cytomegalovirus antibody screening and for pre- and posttransplant determinations on bone marrow transplant recipients. Latex agglutination was most sensitive (98%) and specific (97%) for screening and pretransplant determinations(More)
Of 603 patients undergoing serologic tests for Toxoplasma, syphilis, rubella, cytomegalovirus, and herpes simplex (TORCH tests) during a 4-year period, 381 (63%) were infants younger than 6 months and 110 (18%) were either the mothers of those infants or pregnant women. The remaining 112 (19%) were older infants and children, male adults, or nonpregnant(More)