Diane L Kachel

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Amiodarone is a potent antidysrhythmic drug that is associated with severe pulmonary toxicity. The mechanism of amiodarone pulmonary toxicity is poorly understood. To investigate the possible involvement of oxygen-derived metabolites in amiodarone-induced injury, 51Cr-labeled human pulmonary artery endothelial (HPAE) cells were incubated with amiodarone for(More)
Alveolar macrophages (AMs) are recognized as an important first line of cellular host defense within the lung. Although mechanisms underlying AM response to microorganisms or particulates are well characterized in vitro, experimental approaches to the study of AMs in vivo are limited. To circumvent these limitations, a new assay was developed using(More)
Attachment of Mycobacterium tuberculosis organisms to alveolar macrophages (AMs) is an essential early event in primary pulmonary tuberculosis. Surfactant protein A (SP-A) is a nonimmune opsonin present in the alveolar spaces that binds carbohydrate residues such as mannose. It was hypothesized that SP-A attaches to M. tuberculosis and serves as a ligand(More)
Effective lung repair requires optimal replication of critical cell populations in the lung. Endogenous polyamines such as putrescine, spermidine and spermine play important roles in cell proliferation and differentiation, and may arise due to intracellular synthesis or transport into the cell. To determine the mechanism of polyamine transport in lung(More)
Nitrofurantoin, a urinary antiseptic, is associated with significant pulmonary toxicity. Our study indicates that nitrofurantoin may produce lung injury by directly stimulating lung parenchymal cells to generate toxic oxygen species such as superoxide and hydrogen peroxide, which can overwhelm cellular antioxidant defenses and result in permanent injury to(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis attaches to, enters, and replicates within alveolar macrophages (AMs). Our previous studies suggest that surfactant protein A (SP-A) can act as a ligand in the attachment of M. tuberculosis to AMs. Reactive nitrogen intermediates (RNIs) play a significant role in the killing of mycobacteria. We have demonstrated that RNI levels(More)
Oxygen toxicity to the lung is characterized by injury of the pulmonary capillary endothelium with progressive loss of functioning alveolar-capillary units. Current concepts suggest that the risk of O2 toxicity in human subjects is greatly increased with O2 concentrations exceeding 50% to 60%, although there are no data to support a cellular basis for this(More)
The cardiac antidysrrhythmic drug amiodarone can give rise to potentially fatal pulmonary toxicity in large numbers of patients. The effect of amiodarone on Ca2+ homeostasis and cell injury has been studied using human pulmonary artery endothelial (HPAE) cells in vitro. Amiodarone produced a concentration-dependent increase in intracellular free Ca2+(More)
We investigated whether nitration of surfactant apoprotein (SP) A alters its ability to bind to mannose-containing saccharides on Pneumocystis carinii and its potential role in the mediation of P. carinii adherence to alveolar macrophages. Human SP-A was nitrated by incubation with tetranitromethane at pH 8.0 or synthetic peroxynitrite (ONOO-) at pH 7.4,(More)
Cyclophosphamide (CP) is associated with significant pulmonary toxicity; however, the mechanism of toxicity is unknown. An in vitro endothelial model of injury was developed to assess the direct toxic effects of CP, CP derivatives and CP metabolites on cultured endothelial cells. Injury to 51Cr-labeled bovine artery pulmonary endothelial (BPAE) cells was(More)