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BACKGROUND Planning for a possible influenza pandemic is an extremely high priority, as social and economic effects of an unmitigated pandemic would be devastating. Mathematical models can be used to explore different scenarios and provide insight into potential costs, benefits, and effectiveness of prevention and control strategies under consideration. (More)
The potential for genome-wide association studies to relate phenotypes to specific genetic variation is greatly increased when data can be combined or compared across multiple studies. To facilitate replication and validation across studies, RTI International (Research Triangle Park, North Carolina) and the National Human Genome Research Institute(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices has identified health care workers (HCWs) as a priority group to receive influenza vaccine. Although the importance of HCW to the health care system is well understood, the potential role of HCW in transmission during an epidemic has not been clearly established. METHODS Using a(More)
This review assesses differences and similarities of the states in planning for pandemic influenza. We reviewed the recently posted plans of 49 states for vaccination, early epidemic surveillance and detection, and intraepidemic plans for containment of pandemic influenza. All states generally follow vaccination priorities set by the Advisory Committee on(More)
This study compared the morbidity risk for affective disorder in relatives of probands who had bipolar (BP) or major depression (UP). Other risk factors were also evaluated. 112 consecutively admitted inpatients yielded 621 relatives with diagnostic information based on either the Renard diagnostic interview, hospital records or information from at least(More)
This paper discusses some methodologic issues in the measurement of substance use, particularly the more complex issue of measuring substance use during pregnancy. Two specific questions are addressed in this presentation: (1) Whether the questions on use result in accurate assessment of use, and (2) Whether respondents report use accurately. Some of these(More)
This report is one of several appearing as Healthy People Statistical Notes that evaluate methodological issues pertaining to summary measures. Summary measures of population health are statistics that combine mortality and morbidity to represent overall population health in a single number--in this report, health expectancy measures. This report presents a(More)
The purpose of this article is to describe some ethical considerations that have arisen during the design and implementation of the health examination surveys conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Three major areas of concern are discussed: sharing information from the study, banking and(More)
Illnesses. This report marks the progress we have made as a nation to reduce environmental risks faced by children. The report contains good news for children including the continued decline in the number of children with elevated blood levels, a reduction in children's exposure to secondhand smoke, and decreases in exposures to air pollution and(More)