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This study used causal modeling to trace the effects of manager leadership characteristics on staff registered nurse (RN) retention in 4 urban hospitals. Unique to the study were the all-RN sample, using Leavitt's (1958) model of behavior within an organization to group variables, manager characteristics and unit structure variables as predictors, and focus(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclical fluctuations in turnover of critical care nurses are a large and complex problem. Managers' leadership characteristics may be a determinant of critical care nurses' intent to stay in the job. OBJECTIVE To examine the direct and indirect effects of nurse-managers' characteristics of power, influence, and leadership style on critical(More)
Findings are reported from a replicated evaluation of the psychometric properties of the Organizational Job Satisfaction Scale. Data lend strong support for the scale which assesses four dimensions of organizational job satisfaction. Principal component factor analysis of data from two independent samples of urban staff registered nurses (RNs) (n = 496; n =(More)
Psychometric analysis of the Emotional Tone Rating Scale (ETRS) was completed using ratings of naïve listeners who evaluated staff-resident communication in three nursing homes. Interrater consistency was high with ICC (2, 1) for agreement = 0.95 and consistency = 0.95. Factor analysis revealed two factors-person-centered communication and controlling(More)
Even though good communication among clinicians, patients, and family members is identified as the most important factor in end-of-life care in ICUs, it is the least accomplished. According to accumulated evidence, communication about end-of-life decisions in ICUs is difficult and flawed. Poor communication leaves clinicians and family members stressed and(More)
OBJECTIVE To test an intervention to enhance collaborative communication among nurse and physician leaders (eg, nurse manager, medical director, clinical nurse specialist) in two diverse intensive care units (ICUs). BACKGROUND Collaborative communication is associated with positive patient, nurse, and physician outcomes. However, to date,(More)
Results from several research studies combined with increasing public tensions surrounding physician-assisted suicide have fueled a growing awareness of the inadequacies of end-of-life care. Investigators also suggest that intensive care unit nurses have a limited role in end-of-life decision making and care planning. This article explores cultural issues(More)
BACKGROUND Practice Environment Scale (PES) data are collected from RNs in nursing units in hospitals that are members of the National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators (NDNQI). Patient and RN information are collected to aid in quality improvement and research at the nursing unit level. The data were collected from the individual RN, but items are(More)
Using cross-sectional data from the 2004 National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators (NDNQI) RN Satisfaction Survey, differences in RN workgroup job satisfaction were examined among 10 unit types--medical-surgical, step-down, critical care, pediatric, maternal-newborn, psychiatric, emergency department, rehabilitation, surgical services, and outpatient(More)