Diane F. Kremer

Learn More
Soybean seeds are an important source of dietary tocopherols, but like seeds of other dicotyledonous plants, they contain relatively little alpha-tocopherol, the form with the greatest vitamin E activity. To evaluate potential effects of environmental stress during seed maturation on tocopherols, soybeans were raised in greenhouses at nominal average(More)
Carbon assimilation, translocation, and associated biochemical characteristics of the second trifoliolate leaf (numbered acropetally) of chamber-grown soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr., plants were studied at selected stages of leaf development during the period from 10 to 25 days postemergence. Leaves of uniform age were selected on the basis of leaf(More)
Photosynthetic rates and photosynthate partitioning were studied in three-week-old soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr. cv. Williams] plants exposed to either ambient (35 Pa) or elevated (70 Pa) CO2 in controlled environment chambers. Ambient CO2-grown plants also were given a single 24 h treatment with 70 Pa CO2 1 d prior to sampling. Photosynthetic rates of(More)
Levels of fructose 2,6-bisphosphate (F2,6BP) and related metabolites were measured in 8- or 9-day-old barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) primary leaves throughout a 24 hour cycle. Young barley leaves contained about 0.4 nanomole F2,6BP per milligram chlorophyll at the end of a 12 hour dark period. F2,6BP levels increased rapidly following a dark-to-light(More)
The carbohydrate content of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) leaves was measured over a 24-hour cycle. Nonstructural carbohydrate accumulation was linear after the 1st hour of light, whereas utilization in the dark was fast initially and slowed as stored reserves were depleted. Sucrose was the most abundant storage form of carbohydrate in the primary leaf.(More)
Sucrose phosphate synthase (SPS) activity was measured in extracts of maize (Zea mays L.) and soybean (Glycine max L. [Merr.]) leaves over a single day/night cycle. There was a 2- to 3-fold postillumination increase in extractable enzyme activity in maize leaves, whereas the activity of soybean SPS was only about 30% higher in extracts prepared from light-(More)
Controlled environment studies show a-tocopherol (aT) in soybean seeds increases several fold as a result of warmer temperature or drought during seed maturation, but total tocopherols (Ttot) stay approximately constant. To determine if natural variation in weather or climate affect T under field conditions, we analyzed soybean seeds grown at several(More)
Soybean plants (Glycine max [L.] Merr. cv Williams), which were symbiotic with Bradyrhizobium japonicum, and which grew well upon reduced nitrogen supplied solely through N(2) fixation processes, often exhibited excess accumulation of starch and sucrose and diminished soluble protein in their source leaves. Nitrate and ammonia, when supplied to the(More)
The activity of sucrose-phosphate synthase (SPS) in 9-day-old barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) primary leaves was measured over a 24-hour period. Extractable enzyme activity was constant in the light, decreased 50 to 60% during the first one-half hour of darkness, and then returned to full activity before the start of the normal light period. Decreases of SPS(More)
Brown rice is a valuable source of lipid-soluble antioxidants including ferulated phytosterols (i.e., gamma-oryzanol), tocopherols, and tocotrienols. To evaluate the impact of temperature on the accumulation of these compounds, seeds from six different rice lines grown to maturity in replicate greenhouses in Gainesville, FL, were analyzed. The lines(More)