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Flavones and isoflavones may play a prominent role in cancer prevention since these compounds are found in numerous plants that are associated with reduced cancer rates. This article reviews recent epidemiological and animal data on isoflavones and flavones and their role in cancer prevention. It covers aspects of the bioavailability of these dietary(More)
Inhibition of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) production in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW264.7 mouse macrophage cells was assessed with an enzyme immunoassay following treatments with Echinacea extracts or synthesized alkamides. Results indicated that ethanol extracts diluted in media to a concentration of 15 microg/mL from E. angustifolia, E. pallida, E.(More)
We have demonstrated that a 40% restriction of dietary energy consumption virtually abolishes the development of prolactin (PRL)-producing pituitary tumors in Fischer 344 (F344) rats treated chronically with estrogen, apparently by inhibiting the ability of estrogen to enhance survival within a rapidly proliferating lactotroph population. The purpose of the(More)
Apigenin, a widely distributed plant flavonoid, was previously found to inhibit chemically induced ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity and skin tumor promotion. The purpose of the present research was to determine if apigenin is effective in the prevention of ultraviolet-B light (UVB) induced skin carcinogenesis. Further studies ascertained if apigenin(More)
We are investigating the mechanisms through which estrogens induce development of prolactin (PRL)-producing pituitary tumors and mammary carcinomas in rats and how these mechanisms are affected by dietary energy consumption. The hypothesis under examination is that dietary energy restriction inhibits tumorigenesis in estrogen-responsive tissues by altering(More)
Apigenin, a common dietary flavonoid, has been shown to induce cell cycle arrest in both epidermal and fibroblast cells and inhibit skin tumorigenesis in murine models. The present study assessed the influence of apigenin on cell growth and the cell cycle in the human colon carcinoma cell lines SW480, HT-29, and Caco-2. Treatment of each cell line with(More)
Syrian hamsters present a unique species for induction of pancreatic tumors that in many aspects resemble human pancreatic cancer. The specific response of Syrian hamsters, in contrast to may other rodents, for development of pancreatic ductal (ductular) tumors is not yet known. All pancreatic carcinogens thus far tested show certain common features. They(More)
This investigation studied the effect of topical application of apigenin on skin tumorigenesis initiated by 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) and promoted by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) in SENCAR mice. Apigenin was a potent inhibitor of epidermal ornithine decarboxylase induction by TPA in a dose-dependent manner from 1 to 20 mumol. Two(More)
Hypericum perforatum (Hp) is commonly known for its antiviral, antidepressant, and cytotoxic properties, but traditionally Hp was also used to treat inflammation. In this study, the anti-inflammatory activity and cytotoxicity of different Hp extractions and accessions and constituents present within Hp extracts were characterized. In contrast to the(More)
  • D F Birt
  • 1986
The effects of vitamins A, C, and E and of selenium on carcinogenesis are briefly summarized and updated. These vitamins and minerals were selected because they have been studied extensively in recent years with a variety of carcinogenesis models. The consumption of vitamin A and its precursors (carotenoids) has been negatively correlated with cancer at a(More)