Jane A. Leopold3
Joshua A. F. Balderman1
Sofia Annis1
3Jane A. Leopold
1Joshua A. F. Balderman
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BACKGROUND Vascular calcification resembles bone formation and involves vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) transition to an osteoblast-like phenotype to express Runx2, a master osteoblast transcription factor. One possible mechanism by which Runx2 protein expression is induced is downregulation of inhibitory microRNAs (miR). METHODS AND RESULTS Human(More)
Elevated levels of plasma homocysteine (Hcy) correlate with increased risk of cardiovascular and Alzheimer diseases. We studied the effect of elevated Hcy on the blood-brain barrier (BBB) to explore the possibility of a vascular link between the 2 diseases. On a hyperhomocysteinemic diet, cystathionine beta-synthase (Cbs)-heterozygous mice develop(More)
Previous studies have shown that high glucose increases reactive oxygen species (ROS) in endothelial cells that contributes to vascular dysfunction and atherosclerosis. Accumulation of ROS is due to dysregulated redox balance between ROS-producing systems and antioxidant systems. Previous research from our laboratory has shown that high glucose decreases(More)
We investigated the effects of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) exposure on mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling in human microvascular endothelial cells. TNF-α caused a significant suppression of a dual specificity phosphatase, DUSP4, that regulates ERK1/2 activation. Thus, we hypothesized that suppression of DUSP4 enhances cell survival by increasing(More)
Nitric oxide (NO*) is known to exert its effects via guanylyl cyclase and cyclic GMP-dependent pathways and by cyclic GMP-independent pathways, including the posttranslational modification of proteins. Much ongoing research is focused on defining the mechanisms of NO*-mediated protein modification, the identity and function of the modified proteins, and the(More)
Impaired nitric oxide (NO˙)-cyclic guanosine 3', 5'-monophosphate (cGMP) signaling has been observed in many cardiovascular disorders, including heart failure and pulmonary arterial hypertension. There are several enzymatic determinants of cGMP levels in this pathway, including soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) itself, the NO˙-activated form of sGC, and(More)
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