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Specific receptor-mediated binding by Trichomonas vaginalis of human erythrocytes was demonstrated. The ability of live parasites to internalize erythrocytes was also documented. In vitro growth assays during lipid-free and iron-limiting conditions that do not support the survival of T. vaginalis organisms showed that purified erythrocyte lipids and… (More)
CONTEXT Nonadherence to statin therapy is associated with poor cardiovascular outcomes. OBJECTIVE We explored factors and perceptions that contribute to statin therapy nonadherence. DESIGN We conducted a qualitative study that was based on three patient focus groups using a structured discussion guide to explore factors related to statin therapy… (More)
The haemolytic activity of live Trichomonas vaginalis organisms was investigated. Optimal haemolysis of human erythrocytes was observed at a parasite to erythrocyte ratio of 1:5 during a 2 h incubation period. No haemolytic activity was detected in concentrated culture supernatants after overnight growth of trichomonads or when parasites were separated from… (More)
Trichomonas vaginalis is a sexually transmitted protozoan parasite that undergoes phenotypic variation for numerous surface proteins. A monoclonal antibody (MAb) was used to isolate an approximately 400-bp cDNA encoding a fragment of an important phenotypically varying immunogen of T. vaginalis (Mr = 270 kDa; P270). The MAb completely inhibited the binding… (More)
Phagocytosis of Clostridium difficile by human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) and the possible role of the clostridial toxins in this process were investigated. Phagocytosis of C. difficile was independent of aerobiosis and clearly depended on opsonization. Either complement or antibodies to C. difficile could serve as opsonins. Toxigenic strains of C.… (More)
The promoter element involved in the expression of a previously characterized cloned clostridial antigen was isolated and characterized. A restriction fragment containing the promoter element of the Clostridium difficile insert was cloned using the promoter probe vector, pGA46. Subclones of the clostridial DNA insert in pGA46 were then analyzed by… (More)
The feasibility of the cloning and expression of Clostridium difficile antigens in Escherichia coli was investigated. The expression of a limited number of cloned clostridial antigens under the control of clostridial promoter elements in E. coli was observed.