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We examined the effect of queen size on the probability of new colony establishment in the ant Pogonomyrmex occidentalis. Large queens are significantly more likely to survive than small queens through the initial stages of colony founding. These differences in individual fitness correlates have corresponding effects on colony fitness. In species in which(More)
Do genetic correlations among phenotypic characters reflect developmental organization or functional coadaptation of the characters? We test these hypotheses for the wing melanin pattern of Pieris occidentalis butterflies, by comparing estimated genetic correlations among wing melanin characters with a priori predictions of the developmental organization(More)
We have examined the phylogenetic distribution of a spectrum of Drosophila repetitive-dispersed DNAs ranging from structurally complex transposable elements to scrambled middle repetitive sequences. Our data suggest that unlike typical "genes" these DNAs are unstable components of the drosophilid genome. The unusual behavior of these repetitive-dispersed(More)
The harvester ant, Pogonomyrmex occidentalis, is characterized by high levels of intracolonial genetic diversity resulting from multiple mating by the queen. Within reproductively mature colonies, the relative frequency of different male genotypes (patrilines) is not stable. The difference between samples increases with time, nearing an asymptote after a(More)
Using four highly polymorphic microsatellite markers (12-28 alleles), we gentoyped workers from 63 colonies of Pogonomyrmex occidentalis. Colonies have a single, multiply mated queen, and an average number of 6.3 patrilines per colony. Colony growth was measured over an 8-year period in the study population. Intracolonial relatedness and colony growth are(More)
Multiple mating by females characterizes most insect species, but is relatively uncommon in social insects. Females may mate with multiple mates because they experience the direct benefits of increased survival or fecundity, to acquire high quality mates, or to lower the risk of reduced fecundity by mating with incompatible males. We used the extensive(More)
Using field experiments, I examined the role of 13 melanin-pattern elements in mate choice by female Pieris occidentalis butterflies. Males that mated successfully differed significantly from unsuccessful males in the extent of marginal forewing melanization but not on the basis of the entire forewing pattern. Deletion of the marginal forewing melanin(More)
Mating in social insects has generally been studied in relation to reproductive allocation and relatedness. Despite the tremendous morphological diversity in social insects, little is known about how individual morphology affects mating success. We examined the correlation of male size and shape with mating success in the western harvester ant, Pogonomyrmex(More)
In this study we address the question of how much of the covariation among phenotypic characters observed in natural populations is adaptive. We examine covariation among a set of phenotypic characters that describe the wing-melanization pattern of Pieris butterflies. Previous functional analyses of thermoregulatory performance allow us to predict a priori(More)