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Following long-term deafferentation of one upper limb in adult primates, the cortical areas corresponding to that limb become responsive to stimuli applied to the face. To explore this phenomenon, we studied some patients after upper limb amputation. In patient VQ, stimuli applied to the lower face or 7 cm above the stump evoked precisely localized referred(More)
Despite the commonly held view that flatfish can change their surface markings to match their background pattern, there have been few systematic studies and it has recently been claimed that their capacity for such adaptive changes is minimal. Here we show that the tropical flatfish Bothus ocellatus can achieve pattern-matching with surprising fidelity. By(More)
Psychophysical evidence is given for the existence of two distinct systems in human vision: a fast, sign-invariant system concerned with extracting contours and a slower, sign-sensitive system concerned with assigning surface color. A class of stimuli we developed seems to selectively activate the fast, contour system. This stimulus is formed by adjacent(More)
Although there is a vast clinical literature on phantom limbs, there have been no experimental studies on the effects of visual input on phantom sensations. We introduce an inexpensive new device--a 'virtual reality box'--to resurrect the phantom visually to study inter-sensory effects. A mirror is placed vertically on the table so that the mirror(More)
Illusory contours are invoked by the visual system to account for otherwise inexplicable gaps in the image. We report three sets of novel observations on illusory contours. First, when an illusory square is superimposed on a checkerboard pattern there is a considerable enhancement of the contours so long as they are exactly coincident with the borders of(More)