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The impact of HIV-1 Nef-mediated HLA-I down-regulation on CD8(+) cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) varies by epitope, but the determining factors have not been elucidated. In the present study, we investigated the impact of Nef on the antiviral efficiency of HIV-1-specific CTLs targeting 17 different epitopes to define properties that determine susceptibility(More)
Thymectomy is performed in infants during cardiothoracic surgery leaving many patients with reduced thympopoiesis. An association between immune disorders and regulatory T cells (Treg) after incidental thymectomy has not been investigated. Questionnaires soliciting symptoms of atopic or autoimmune disease and biomarkers were measured in children and adults(More)
Across several cohorts, human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Gag- and Env-specific CD8(+) T lymphocyte (CTL) responses have demonstrated inverse and positive correlations, respectively, to viremia. The mechanism has been proposed to be superior antiviral activity of Gag-specific CTLs in general. Addressing this hypothesis, we created two HIV-1(More)
OBJECTIVES AIDS is caused by CD4 T-cell depletion. Although combination antiretroviral therapy can restore blood T-cell numbers, the clonal diversity of the reconstituting cells, critical for immunocompetence, is not well defined. METHODS We performed an extensive analysis of parameters of thymic function in perinatally HIV-1-infected (n = 39) and control(More)
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