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Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is a common developmental anomaly of the human forebrain and midface where the cerebral hemispheres fail to separate into distinct left and right halves. We have previously reported haploinsufficiency for Sonic Hedgehog ( SHH ) as a cause for HPE. We have now performed mutational analysis of the complete coding region and intron-exon(More)
BACKGROUND It is uncertain how best to screen pregnant women for the presence of fetal Down's syndrome: to perform first-trimester screening, to perform second-trimester screening, or to use strategies incorporating measurements in both trimesters. METHODS Women with singleton pregnancies underwent first-trimester combined screening (measurement of nuchal(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the effect of maternal age on obstetric outcomes. METHODS A prospective database from a multicenter investigation of singletons, the FASTER trial, was studied. Subjects were divided into 3 age groups: 1) less than 35 years, 2) 35-39 years, and 3) 40 years and older. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to assess the(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the deep sequencing and analytic conditions needed to detect fetal subchromosome abnormalities across the genome from a maternal blood sample. Cell-free (cf) DNA was isolated from the plasma of 11 pregnant women carrying fetuses with subchromosomal duplications and deletions, translocations, mosaicism, and trisomy(More)
BACKGROUND The recent discovery of the presence of circulating cell-free fetal DNA in maternal plasma opens up new prenatal diagnostic applications and provides new avenues for clinical investigation. It is of research and potential diagnostic interest to determine whether fetal trisomy 21 may be associated with quantitative abnormalities of circulating(More)
CONTEXT During pregnancy, fetal CD34+ cells enter the maternal circulation, persist for decades, and create a state of physiologic microchimerism. Many studies have confirmed the residual presence of fetal cells in maternal blood and tissues following pregnancy. Fetal cells may respond to maternal injury by developing multilineage capacity in maternal(More)
BACKGROUND There is an important need to develop noninvasive biomarkers to detect disease in premature neonates. Our objective was to determine if salivary genomic analysis provides novel information about neonatal expression of developmental genes. METHODS Saliva (50-200 microL) was prospectively collected from 5 premature infants at 5 time points:(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the accuracy and potential clinical effect of using massively parallel sequencing of maternal plasma DNA to detect fetal aneuploidy in a cohort of pregnant women carrying fetuses with nuchal cystic hygroma. METHODS The MatErnal BLood IS Source to Accurately diagnose fetal aneuploidy (MELISSA) study database was queried to identify(More)
BACKGROUND Circulating cell-free fetal deoxyribonucleic acids (cffDNA) are novel biomarkers with many clinical applications. Amniotic fluid (AF) is a rich source of cffDNA. We investigated the biophysical characteristics of cffDNA in AF, hypothesizing that they would differ from cffDNA in maternal plasma. METHODS We obtained 10 mL of fresh AF supernatant(More)