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BACKGROUND There is an important need to develop noninvasive biomarkers to detect disease in premature neonates. Our objective was to determine if salivary genomic analysis provides novel information about neonatal expression of developmental genes. METHODS Saliva (50-200 microL) was prospectively collected from 5 premature infants at 5 time points:(More)
The ageing rat hippocampus undergoes ultrastructural changes, including the loss of axosomatic synapses of the granule cells. These synapses are supposed to take part in a feed-back regulation of granule cell activity, as they are inhibitory terminals of interneurons which receive afferences from the granules themselves via the giant synapses formed by the(More)
This paper contains a joint ESHG/ASHG position document with recommendations regarding responsible innovation in prenatal screening with non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT). By virtue of its greater accuracy and safety with respect to prenatal screening for common autosomal aneuploidies, NIPT has the potential of helping the practice better achieve its aim(More)
PURPOSE There is an expanding gap between the availability of direct-to-consumer whole genome testing and physician knowledge regarding interpretation of test results. Advances in the genomic literacy of health care providers will be necessary for genomics to exert its potential to affect clinical practice. However, implementation of a major shift in(More)
INTRODUCTION This paper contains a summary and the recommendations of a joint European Society of Human Genetics (ESHG)/American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) position statement on responsible innovation in prenatal screening with non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT).
Remodeling of adipose tissue is required to support the expansion of adipose mass. In obesity, an increased death of adipocytes contributes to the accelerated cellular turnover. We have shown that obesity in pregnancy is associated with metabolic and immune alterations in the adipose tissue. In this study, we characterized the mechanisms responsible for(More)
Trisomies 18 and 21 are the two most common live born autosomal aneuploidies in humans. While the anatomic abnormalities in affected fetuses are well documented, the dysregulated biological pathways associated with the development of the aneuploid phenotype are less clear. Amniotic fluid (AF) cell-free RNA is a valuable source of biological information(More)
OBJECTIVE One in three pregnant women in the United States is obese. Their offspring are at increased risk for neurodevelopmental and metabolic morbidity. Underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. We performed a global gene expression analysis of mid-trimester amniotic fluid cell-free fetal RNA in obese versus lean pregnant women. METHODS(More)
Methods for translating gene expression signatures into clinically relevant information have typically relied upon having many samples from patients with similar molecular phenotypes. Here, we address the question of what can be done when it is relatively easy to obtain healthy patient samples, but when abnormalities corresponding to disease states may be(More)
Human fetuses with Down syndrome demonstrate abnormal brain growth and reduced neurogenesis. Despite the prenatal onset of the phenotype, most therapeutic trials have been conducted in adults. Here, we present evidence for fetal brain molecular and neonatal behavioral alterations in the Ts1Cje mouse model of Down syndrome. Embryonic day 15.5 brain(More)