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OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effects of a care protocol used by community nurses to support nursing home staff in the care of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN Matched, randomized case-control trial. SETTING Forty-five nursing homes of the New Territories South (NTS) cluster of Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS Eighty-nine older(More)
AIM This paper is a report of a systematic review of qualitative studies of how older people live with chronic heart failure. BACKGROUND Chronic heart failure is a global epidemic mainly affecting an ageing population. Understanding how older people live with this disease is important to help promote their adjustment to the distressing illness experience.(More)
OBJECTIVE High levels of psychological distress have been reported in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF), resulting in increased morbidity and mortality. Yet, little is known about its associated factors. The purpose of this study is to identify the significant demographic, clinical and psychosocial correlates of psychological distress in CHF(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a community nurse-supported hospital discharge programme in preventing hospital re-admissions, improving functional status and handicap of older patients with chronic heart failure. DESIGN Randomized controlled trial; 105 hospitalized patients aged 60 years or over with chronic(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effectiveness of an intensive community nurse (CN)-supported discharge program in preventing hospital readmissions of older patients with chronic lung disease (CLD). DESIGN Randomized, controlled trial. SETTING Two acute hospitals in the same health region in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS One hundred fifty-seven hospitalized(More)
The purpose of this article was to discuss the challenges of instrument translation, using the translation of the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey into Chinese as an example. Brislin's model of translation, which highlights the need for forward and backward translation, was used. Major considerations in conducting translation, and the strategies(More)
BACKGROUND Some chemicals appear to have hormonally active properties in animals, but data in humans are sparse. Therefore, we examined ovarian function in relation to organochlorine compound levels. METHODS During 1997-1999, 50 Southeast Asian immigrant women of reproductive age collected urine samples daily. These samples were assayed for metabolites of(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey (MOS-SSS-C) in a sample of 110 patients. Criterion-related and construct validities of the MOS-SSS-C were evaluated by correlations with the Chinese version of the Multidimensional Perceived Social Support Survey (r(More)
BACKGROUND The sudden death of a family member is always traumatic to the family. Nursing actions such as providing comfort measures and providing an opportunity to view the deceased were consistently perceived as helpful by the suddenly bereaved. Little is known about the perception of bereaved family members in Hong Kong concerning the care they received(More)