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Most patients with plasma cell neoplasia have generalized disease at diagnosis, i.e. multiple myeloma (MM). However, a minority (<5%) of patients with plasma cell malignancies present with either a single bone lesion, or less commonly, a soft tissue mass, of monoclonal plasma cells: solitary bone plasmacytoma (SBP) or extramedullary plasmacytoma (SEP). SBP(More)
Disclaimer: While the advice and information in these guidelines is believed to be true and accurate at the time of going to press, neither the authors, the British Society for Haematology nor the publishers accept any legal responsibility for the content of these guidelines. In 2006 guidelines for the diagnosis and management of multiple myeloma were(More)
32 previously untreated patients with multiple myeloma received vincristine, doxorubicin ('Adriamycin'), and dexamethasone (VAD) as first-line therapy. The overall response rate was 84%, with 28% of all patients entering complete remission. Response was rapid, with near-maximum response occurring after two courses of treatment and rapid improvement in(More)
The response of mouse T cells to the superantigen staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) requires 1000-fold higher concentrations compared to human T cells. In order to develop a sensitive model for SEA studies in mice, the immunopharmacology has been studied in T-cell receptor (TcR) V beta 3 transgenic (TGV beta 3) and non-transgenic (non-TG) C57Bl/6 mice. The(More)
A retrospective case-matched analysis was performed comparing 189 myeloma patients treated with allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (allo-BMT) with an equal number of patients who received autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). Matching was performed with respect to gender and number of treatment lines before transplantation. The groups were(More)
The incorporation of [15N] glycine into early labelled bilirubin and haemoglobin haem was measured in four haematologically normal subjects, using the clearance of [14C] bilirubin to measure total bilirubin production rate. Hepatic haem turnover was calculated from the incorporation of [15N]=sigma-aminolaevulinic acid into early labelled bilirubin. From the(More)
This randomized study was designed to determine whether response to VAD chemotherapy could be prolonged by using rh alpha-2b-interferon (IFN) at a dose of 3 mU three times per week, either concurrently with VAD (VIC) or as maintenance after completion of VAD (VIF). Maintenance IFN was given for 9 months in order for the duration of IFN therapy to be similar(More)
Seventeen parameters of coagulation and fibrinolysis were measured in 33 patients with sickle cell disease; 30 were tested in steady state (SS) and 19 in crisis (Cr). There were 16 patients in both groups. The same parameters were measured in 16 controls of similar ethnic origin (Black controls; BC) and 20 Caucasian controls (CC), all with HbA only. Highly(More)
High-dose therapy with autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) has become the treatment of choice for symptomatic eligible patients with multiple myeloma (MM). We report our centre experience and analyse retrospectively the prognostic influence of pretransplant characteristics and transplant modalities on response and survival. A total of 127 MM(More)