Diana S Stewart

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Growth of Salmonella was assessed during sprouting of naturally contaminated alfalfa seeds associated with two outbreaks of salmonellosis. Salmonella was determined daily in sprouts and sprout rinse water samples by a three-tube most probable number (MPN) procedure and a commercial enzyme immunoassay (EIA). Growth of Salmonella in the sprouts was reflected(More)
Heritable cancer risk assessment is an increasingly common method of deriving valuable information relevant to deciding on appropriate screening regimens and preventive treatments. Assessments of heritable risk typically include familial-genetic evaluation, where analyses relate family pedigree to cancer risk, and DNA testing, where analyses indicate(More)
Several factors potentially involved in the menstrual dysfunction of some females with cystic fibrosis were analyzed by a retrospective chart review. The mean age of menarche for the cystic fibrosis patients was 14.4 years, compared to 12.9 years for American females (p less than 0.001). At last evaluation, comparison of the mean figures for amenorrheic(More)
Numerous outbreaks of foodborne illness have been linked to the consumption of raw sprouts. Sprout producers have been advised by the Food and Drug Administration to include microbiological testing of spent irrigation water during production as part of an overall strategy to enhance the safety of sprouts. Alfalfa sprouts and irrigation water were analyzed(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the psychological adjustment of women during initial genetic ovarian cancer risk assessment and at clinic follow-up, 6-12 months later. METHODS Sixty-five subjects were assessed with the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CESD), Spielberger's State Anxiety Inventory, and an 18-item, investigator-designed(More)
The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has the potential to detect low levels of the human pathogen Escherichia coli O157: H7 in bovine faeces. To improve the utility of PCR for this application, several methods for preparing template DNA from bovine faeces, both directly and after non-selective enrichment, were tested. These were boiling, enzyme treatment,(More)
Flow cytometry is a potentially valuable analytical method in microbiology providing the ability to analyze rapidly large numbers of individual microorganisms by several parameters. With a flow cytometer with enhanced light scatter sensitivity and a conventionally configured sorting cytometer, a series of comparative studies to determine the ability of the(More)
The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) can be used for rapid and specific detection of foodborne pathogens. One commercial kit, the Qualicon BAX system uses PCR to detect Listeria monocytogenes in enrichment cultures derived from food and environmental samples. The specificity and sensitivity of the BAX system for detecting L. monocytogenes were characterized(More)
The growth response of Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) on the vitelline membrane in vitro was studied with the use of a special tube devised specifically for the inoculation of SE onto the vitelline membrane and for the sampling of the yolk near the inoculation site. This latter ability allowed the detection of the movement of SE into the yolk. The growth of SE(More)
The Assurance Gold Salmonella EIA, BAX for Screening/Salmonella, and GENE-TRAK Salmonella DLP rapid assays were compared with official cultural methods described in the Bacteriological Analytical Manual (BAM) for analysis of alfalfa sprouts and sprout irrigation water for the presence of Salmonella. The lower limits of detection of 4 serovars of Salmonella(More)