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OBJECTIVES To define relation between mood and concentrations of progesterone and cortisol during perinatal period to test hypothesis that rapid physiological withdrawal of steroid hormones after delivery is associated with depression. DESIGN Prospective study of primiparous women from two weeks before expected date of delivery to 35 days postpartum. (More)
The variations in concentrations of testosterone and cortisol in saliva samples collected by 4 healthy young men whilst on a scientific expedition from Britain to Spitzbergen are described. The rhythms observed in steroid concentrations in saliva were characterized mathematically by cosinor analysis of the levels of testosterone and cortisol determined in(More)
We describe a direct radioimmunoassay for cortisol in 10-microliter volumes of parotid saliva or whole saliva. Binding proteins are absent from these fluids, as demonstrated by the excellent correlation between results for samples assayed directly and by a comparison procedure involving extraction with 1,2-dichloroethane. The direct assay is specific,(More)
The relations between estradiol, testosterone, insulin, lipids, and prevalent ischemic heart disease were examined using the cross-sectional data from the Caerphilly Heart Disease Study, a cohort of 2,512 men (aged 45-59 years) surveyed between 1978 and 1982. Endogenous levels of estradiol were associated directly with high density lipoprotein (HDL)(More)
The adrenocortical response to stress was studied longitudinally in 10 ill preterm infants using measurements of cortisol and 170H-progesterone concentrations in filter paper blood spots. Mean cortisol and 170H-progesterone concentrations reached a peak of 2200 nmol/l and 65 nmol/l, respectively, between the third and fifth days of life. These(More)
Serial blood spot and saliva samples were collected at home by 18 patients being treated for congenital adrenal hyperplasia to determine the circadian rhythm of 170H-progesterone as an index of therapeutic control. There was a strong correlation between the magnitude of the circadian fall and a single morning measurement of the plasma testosterone(More)
The current status of the saliva dexamethasone suppression test (DST) is discussed and results from the literature reviewed. Evidence is presented that demonstrates that the efficacy of the salivary-based test is equal to that of the plasma DST provided that specifically developed radioimmunoassays are used for determination of salivary cortisol. Such(More)
Salivary testosterone (ST) levels were measured in 84 boys aged 7.3-16.2 from the Edinburgh Growth Study. The correlation coefficient between matched plasma/saliva samples was 0.88. Six samples were collected over the course of one day from 0900 to 2100 h each month in the majority of the children for 4 consecutive months. Mean daily ST levels showed a(More)
Assessment of ovarian activity based on saliva samples has proven particularly useful in studies of women in well-developed countries and is potentially of even greater value in women of lower socioeconomic status in Third World countries. Assay techniques suitable for measuring low concentrations of steroids in saliva have become available only recently,(More)