Diana R. Burgess

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Microtubules (MT) are required for the efficient transport of membranes from the trans-Golgi and for transcytosis of vesicles from the basolateral membrane to the apical cytoplasm in polarized epithelia. MTs in these cells are primarily oriented with their plus ends basally near the Golgi and their minus-ends in the apical cytoplasm. Here we report that(More)
Stimulated human monocytes/macrophages are a source of mediators such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin 1 (IL-1), and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), which can modulate inflammatory and immune reactions. Therefore, the ability to control the production of such mediators by monocytes/macrophages may have therapeutic benefits, and it has been(More)
Cytokinesis in animal cells is accomplished in part by an actomyosin contractile ring. Recent work on amphibian, Drosophila, and Caenorhabditis elegans embryos implicates membrane trafficking and delivery as essential for cytokinesis. However, the relative contributions of contractile ring constriction versus membrane insertion to cytokinesis and the(More)
Tropomyosin is postulated to confer stability to actin filaments in nonmuscle cells. We have found that a nonmuscle tropomyosin isolated from the intestinal epithelium can directly stabilize actin filaments by slowing depolymerization from the pointed, or slow-growing, filament end. Kinetics of elongation and depolymerization from the pointed end were(More)
Research over the past few years has demonstrated the central role of protein phosphorylation in regulating mitosis and the cell cycle. However, little is known about how the mechanisms regulating the entry into mitosis contribute to the positional and temporal regulation of the actomyosin-based contractile ring formed during cytokinesis. Recent studies(More)
In the intestinal brush border, the mechanoenzyme myosin-I links the microvillus core actin filaments with the plasma membrane. Previous immunolocalization shows that myosin-I is associated with vesicles in mature enterocytes (Drenckhahn, D., and R. Dermietzel. 1988. J. Cell Biol. 107:1037-1048) suggesting a potential role mediating vesicle motility. We now(More)
Tropomyosin isoforms of the low Mr class were isolated from chicken intestinal epithelium and brain, and their physical and functional properties were characterized. Tropomyosin from each tissue contains four distinct polypeptides, all of about 32,000 daltons. In two-dimensional gels, brain tropomyosin contains two major and two minor polypeptides; the(More)
The intestinal epithelial cell brush border exhibits distinct localizations of the actin-binding protein components of its cytoskeleton. The protein interactions that dictate this subcellular organization are as yet unknown. We report here that tropomyosin, which is found in the rootlet but not in the microvillus core, can bind to and saturate the actin of(More)
A variety of peripheral membrane proteins associate dynamically with Golgi membranes during the budding and trafficking of transport vesicles in eukaryotic cells. A monoclonal antibody (AD7) raised against Golgi membranes recognizes a peripheral membrane protein, p200, which associates with vesicles budding off the trans-Golgi network (TGN). Based on(More)