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To explore the role that surface and active center charges play in electrostatic attraction of ligands to the active center gorge of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), and the influence of charge on the reactive orientation of the ligand, we have studied the kinetics of association of cationic and neutral ligands with the active center and peripheral site of(More)
The interaction of fasciculin 2 was examined with wild-type and several mutant forms of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) where Trp86, which lies at the base of the active center gorge, is replaced by Tyr, Phe, and Ala. The fasciculin family of peptides from snake venom bind to a peripheral site near the rim of the gorge, but at a position which still allows(More)
Microsatellite markers may provide evidence of faulty DNA mismatch repair (MMR) via the detection of microsatellite instability (MSI). The choice of microsatellite markers may impact on the MSI detection rate. In hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer (HNPCC), several informative microsatellite markers have been recommended. Two of these, BAT 25 and BAT 26,(More)
Single and multiple site mutants of recombinant mouse acetylcholinesterase (rMoAChE) were inhibited with racemic 7-(methylethoxyphosphinyloxy)-1-methylquinolinium iodide (MEPQ) and the resulting mixture of two enantiomers, CH3PR,S(O)(OC2H5)-AChE(EMPR,S-AChE), were subjected to reactivation with 2-(hydroxyiminomethyl)-1-methylpyridinium methanesulfonate(More)
A single-molecule transcription assay has been developed that allows, for the first time, the direct observation of promoter binding, initiation, and elongation by a single RNA polymerase (RNAP) molecule in real-time. To promote DNA binding and transcription initiation, a DNA molecule tethered between two optically trapped beads was held near a third(More)
Through site-specific mutagenesis, we examined the determinants on acetylcholinesterase which govern the specificity and reactivity of three classes of substrates: enantiomeric alkyl phosphonates, trifluoromethyl acetophenones, and carboxyl esters. By employing cationic and uncharged pairs of enantiomeric alkyl methylphosphonyl thioates of known absolute(More)
Huperzine A, a potential agent for therapy in Alzheimer's disease and for prophylaxis of organophosphate toxicity, has recently been characterized as a reversible inhibitor of cholinesterases. To examine the specificity of this novel compound in more detail, we have examined the interaction of the 2 stereoisomers of Huperzine A with cholinesterases and(More)
p-Nitrophenyl and cholesteryl-N-alkyl carbamates are good inhibitors of porcine pancreatic cholesterol esterase-catalyzed hydrolysis of p-nitrophenyl butyrate. p-Nitrophenyl-N-butyl and N-octyl carbamates (compounds 1 and 2, respectively) are potent active site-directed irreversible inhibitors of this enzyme. The inhibition of cholesterol esterase by(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the mechanism of cell death associated with the preferential killing of multidrug-resistant (MDR) cells by the glycolytic inhibitor 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2DG) in a range of MDR human KB carcinoma cell lines selected in different drugs. The D10 values for KB-V1, KB-C1 and KB-A1 (selected in vinblastine, colchicine and(More)
We have previously shown that the hypersensitivity of KB MDR cells to 2-deoxy-D-glucose is associated with diminished plasma membrane GLUT-1 levels compared with parental, non-MDR cells. Here we report that MDR cells are hypersensitive to the N-linked glycosylation inhibitor tunicamycin, which induces partial inhibition of GLUT-1 glycosylation and(More)